Skip to main content

Table 4 Univariate and multivariate determinants of a depressive disorder (yes/no) at follow-up in the patient group (n = 285)

From: The two-year course of late-life depression; results from the Netherlands study of depression in older persons

  The presence of depression at 2-year follow up
  Univariate Multivariate 1
  OR (95% CI) OR (95% CI)
Socio-demographics   
- Age at baseline, in years 1.01 (0.98 – 1.04)  
- Female gender 0.97 (0.59 – 1.58)  
- Education, in years 0.99 (0.92 – 1.05)  
- No partner 1.34 (0.84 – 2.13)  
- Sampling site   
 - Amsterdam Ref group Ref group
 - Leiden 1.21 (0.65 – 2.25) 1.63 (0.81-3.29)
 - Groningen 0.78 (0.38 – 1.59) 0.95 (0.42-2.11)
 - Apeldoorn/Zutphen 0.45 (0.20 – 1.04) 0.56 (0.21-1.53)
 - Nijmegen 0.73 (0.33 – 1.63) 0.81 (0.32-2.06)
Clinical characteristics at baseline   
- First episode MDD 0.98 (0.62 – 1.56)  
- Dysthymia 2.03 (1.19 – 3.49) 1.30 (0.71-2.37)
- Onset of depression, in years 0.98 (0.97 – 0.995) 0.99 (0.98-1.00)
- Comorbid anxiety disorder 1.45 (0.90 – 2.35)  
- Severity depression symptoms 1.06 (1.04 – 1.08) 1.05 (1.03-1.07)
Sampling frame   
- Primary care Ref group Ref group
- Ambulant mental health care 0.63 (0.32 – 1.24) 0.57 (0.26-1.21)
- Clinical mental health care 0.36 (0.13 – 0.96) 0.43 (0.13-1.42)
- Use anti depressive medication 0.88 (0.53 – 1.47)  
- Use of benzodiazepines 1.05 (0.83 – 1.34)  
Comorbidity at baseline   
- Number of chronic diseases 1.37 (1.16 – 1.63) 1.21 (1.01-1.46)
- MMSE 0.91 (0.80 – 1.04)  
  1. 1All variables with univariate p < 0.10 included.
  2. MMSE: Mini Mental State Examination.
  3. P-levels < 0.05 are printed bold.
\