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Table 1 Socio-demographic, mental disorder, and drug-use related characteristics for Vancouver At Home participants (n = 497)

From: History of foster care among homeless adults with mental illness in Vancouver, British Columbia: a precursor to trajectories of risk

Variable All participants (n =  497) N (%) Participants with valid response ( n =  442) N (%) Participants with missing response (n  = 55 1 ) N (%) P value
Need level (high) 297 (60) 267 (60) 30 (55) 0.403
Housing first interventions 297 (60) 274 (62) 23 (42) 0.004**
Male gender 359 (73) 317 (72) 42 (76) 0.531
Age at randomization     
19-24 years 36 (7) 29 (7) 7 (13) 0.198
25-44 years 281 (57) 254 (57) 27 (49)  
>44 years 180 (36) 159 (36) 21 (38)  
Ethnicity     
Aboriginal 77 (15) 68 (15) 9 (16) 0.951
White 280 (56) 250 (57) 30 (55)  
Other 140 (28) 124 (28) 16 (29)  
Incomplete high school 280 (57) 249 (57) 31 (56) 0.960
Single marital status 343 (70) 305 (69) 38 (73) 0.562
Have children (under age 18) 122 (25) 109 (25) 13 (24) 0.919
Hospitalized for mental illness (>6 months) in past 5 years 57 (12) 51 (12) 6 (11) 0.855
Hospitalized for mental illness (>2 times) in past 5 years 253 (53) 222 (52) 31 (60) 0.291
Worked continuously at least one year in the past 323 (65) 285 (65) 38 (69) 0.540
Unemployed 457 (92) 406 (92) 51 (93) 0.905
Jail in last 6 months 68 (14) 57 (13) 11 (20) 0.148
Precariously housed 109 (22) 96 (22) 13 (24) 0.822
Duration of homelessness - lifetime (>36 months)2 234 (48) 211 (48) 61 (42) 0.357
Duration of homelessness - longest single period (>12 months) 245 (50) 222 (51) 23 (42) 0.203
Age of first homelessness (<25 years) 214 (44) 192 (44) 22 (40) 0.569
Overall health (poor) 67 (13) 60 (14) 7 (13) 0.857
Less severe mental illness 264 (53) 235 (53) 29 (53) 0.951
Severe mental illness 363 (73) 323 (73) 40 (73) 0.956
Multiple (≥2) mental disorders 240 (48) 213 (48) 27 (49) 0.900
Alcohol dependence 121 (24) 104 (23) 17 (31) 0.229
Substance dependence 288 (58) 258 (58) 30 (55) 0.588
High suicidality 87 (17) 79 (18) 8 (14) 0.540
Blood-borne infectious diseases 157 (32) 142 (32) 15 (28) 0.490
Multiple (≥3) physical illness 344 (69) 309 (70) 35 (64) 0.342
Early initiation of alcohol (≤13 years) 215 (46) 198 (47) 17 (32) 0.037*
Early initiation of drugs (≤13 years) 183 (40) 167 (41) 16 (30) 0.096
Daily substance use 143 (29) 127 (29) 16 (29) 0.956
Daily drug use 126 (25) 113 (26) 13 (24) 0.756
Daily illicit drug use3 74 (15) 69 (16) 5 (9) 0.200
Injection drug use 88 (18) 83 (19) 5 (9) 0.076
Use of multiple (≥2) substances 257 (52) 231 (53) 26 (47) 0.454
Use of multiple (≥2) drugs 188 (38) 173 (39) 15 (27) 0.081
Daily use of alcohol 26 (5) 23 (5) 3 (5) 0.949
Daily use of cannabis 70 (14) 61 (14) 9 (16) 0.606
  1. *p ≤ 0.05.
  2. **p ≤ 0.01.
  3. 1Among 55 participants with missing values, 7 participants declined to respond and 48 participants could not be located for the 12 months interview.
  4. 2Dichotomized based on median value (3 years).
  5. 3Does not include alcohol and marijuana.