Skip to main content

Table 2 Nutritional and psychological status of children from migrant and comparative non-migrant households

From: Risk of mental health and nutritional problems for left-behind children of international labor migrants

  Left-behind Children (%) Comparative Children (%) Group difference (chi 2 , df, p-value)
Nutritional status of children aged 6–59 months a 2.28 (4), p = 0.061
Overweight 4(3.6) 3(2.7)  
Normal weight 42(38.2) 53(46.9)  
Risk of Underweight 31(28.2) 37(32.7)  
Underweight 27(24.5) 20(17.7)  
Severely underweight 6(5.5) 0  
Child psychopathology scores (SDQ Domains) b  
Emotional problems 30 (10.9) 9(3.4) 6.60 (1), p = 0.010
Conduct problems 108(39.3) 84(31.3) 3.75 (1), p = 0.053
Hyperactivity disorder 22(8.0) 8(3.0) 11.82 (1), p = 0.001
Any psychiatric diagnosis 119(43.3) 90(33.6) 5.42 (1), p = 0.020
  1. aUnderweight reflects both chronic malnutrition and acute malnutrition. It is measured by weight relative to age (WFA). Normal weight is defined as a WFA z-score of + 2 to – 1 SD. Underweight is defined for a z-score of < −2 and ≥ −3 SD. Severely underweight a z-score < −3 SD. Overweight represents excessive fat accumulation that presents a risk to health, and is measured by calculating the child’s Body Mass Index against their age - labelled ‘weight for height’ (WFH). The range for ‘overweight’ is a z-score > +2 and ≤ +3 SD.
  2. bThe SDQ domain ‘any psychiatric diagnosis’ aggregates emotional, conduct and behavioural scores to provide a potential measure a person has to develop or have a psychiatric disorder.