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Table 3 Sociodemographic factors, treatments received and dropouts during the most recent depressive episode i

From: Treatment received and treatment adequacy of depressive disorders among young adults in Finland

     Pharmacotherapy Visits with a physician/a year Guideline-concordant pharmacotherapy c Sessions of psychotherapy/a year Minimally adequate treatment e Treatment dropout f
Any a ≥2 months Any b ≥4 times   Any d ≥8 times   
Variable Category   N % N % N % N % N % N % N % N % N % N
All    142 43.7 62 31.6 43 67.2 92 28.5 39 17.6 25 59.6 84 33.3 47 40.9 58 15.7 18
Gender Male   45 46.7 21 38.1 16 59.1 26 29.6 13 20.0 9 53.3 24 20.0 9 35.6 16 22.9 8
  Female   97 42.3 41 28.7 27 71.0 66 28.0 26 16.5 16 62.5 60 39.6 38 43.3 42 12.5 10
   p g   0.6229   0.2775   0.1670   0.8474   0.6099   0.3012   0.0215   0.3824   0.1596  
Agegroup <25 years   31 64.5 20 46.7 14 80.7 25 38.7 12 35.5 11 71.0 22 54.8 17 61.3 19 15.4 4
  25-29 years   53 28.3 15 19.2 10 52.9 27 27.5 14 13.2 7 54.7 29 26.4 14 32.1 17 14.0 6
  ≥30 years   58 46.6 27 35.2 19 72.7 40 23.6 13 12.1 7 57.9 33 28.1 16 37.9 22 17.4 8
   p g   0.0046   0.0280   0.0183   0.3241   0.0125   0.3235   0.0157   0.0266   0.9045  
Basic Less than high school   69 47.8 33 32.8 21 76.1 51 32.8 22 17.4 12 60.3 41 33.8 23 43.5 30 22.2 12
education High school   67 35.8 24 27.3 18 56.9 37 20.0 13 14.9 10 56.7 38 32.8 22 35.8 24 3.6 2
   p g   0.1560   0.4908   0.0193   0.0949   0.6962   0.6731   0.9031   0.3615   0.0033  
Current Employed   80 37.5 30 25.0 19 65.4 51 25.6 20 11.3 9 57.0 45 26.6 21 36.3 29 12.5 8
employment Student   29 55.2 16 41.4 12 71.4 20 35.7 10 27.6 8 65.5 19 48.3 14 51.7 15 12.0 3
  Unemployed   10 20.0 2 11.1 1 40.0 4 10.0 1 10.0 1 30.0 3 10.0 1 10.0 1 37.5 3
  Other   18 50.0 9 41.2 7 76.5 13 23.5 4 22.2 4 66.7 12 50.0 9 50.0 9 0.0 0
   p g   0.1580   0.1542   0.2374   0.4702h   0.1566h   0.2138   0.0260   0.0842   0.1131h  
Married or No   68 39.7 27 26.2 17 60.0 39 23.1 15 17.7 12 53.7 36 34.3 23 39.7 27 8.8 5
cohabiting Yes   69 43.5 30 33.3 22 72.1 49 29.4 20 14.5 10 62.3 43 31.9 22 39.1 27 16.7 9
   p g   0.6542   0.3689   0.1418   0.4069   0.6151   0.3102   0.7620   0.9451   0.2105  
  1. aAntidepressant prescribed.
  2. bAt least 1 visit with a physician a year.
  3. cAntidepressant used for at least 2 months + 4 visits with a physician a year.
  4. dAt least 1 session of psychotherapy a year.
  5. eAntidepressant used for at least 2 months + at least 4 visits with a physician a year or at least 8 sessions of psychotherapy a year or a hospitalization for depressive symptoms lasting for at least 4 days.
  6. fA participant discontinued the visits despite adequate treatment plan.
  7. gThe p-values indicate a significance of the difference between categories in a distribution of treatments and dropout tested by χ2- or Fisher’s exact test. P-values < 0.05 in boldface.
  8. hFisher’s exact test was used in the analysis.
  9. iA bivariate analysis.