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Table 1 Distribution of valence scores in male and female participants from China and America #

From: Affective reactions differ between Chinese and American healthy young adults: a cross-cultural study using the international affective picture system

  Female Male
  Valence < 5 Valence ≥ 5 χ 2 P Valence < 5 Valence ≥ 5 χ 2 P
Animal American 42 43 0.590 0.443 35 50 1.516 0.218
Chinese 47 38 43 42
Facial American 70 95 1.222 0.269 69 96 4.857 0.028
Chinese 80 85 89 76
Mutilation American 46 0   1.000 45 1   1.000
Chinese 46 0 46 0
Erotic American 31 69 25.930 <6 × 10-5* 17 83 1.149 0.700
Chinese 67 33 15 85
Landscape American 10 65 3.463 0.063 8 67 1.918 0.166
Chinese 19 56 14 61
Violence American 50 2 0.707 0.400 48 4 0.915 0.329
Chinese 48 4 45 7
Object American 34 87 3.615 0.057 46 75 0.838 0.36
Chinese 48 73 53 68
Sport American 9 62 0.233 0.629 5 66 0.364 0.546
Chinese 11 60 7 64
Pollution American 99 2 0.205 0.651 99 2 0.687 0.407
Chinese 98 3 97 4
  1. #The data about American participants were collected by Lang.
  2. *P < 6 × 10-5.