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Table 2 Socio-demographic factors associated with khat use among people with HIV attending services at Jimma University Specialized Hospital (n = 389)

From: Khat use in people living with HIV: a facility-based cross-sectional survey from South West Ethiopia

Variables Khat use N (%) Unadjusted odds ratio (OR) 95% confidence interval (CI)
Gender Male 48 (33.6) 2.26 1.41, 3.63
Female 45 (18.3) Reference  
Age (years) 18-24 5 (21.7) 0.90 0.32, 2.58
25-34 41 (23.6) Reference  
35-44 33 (28.2) 1.27 0.75, 2.17
45-54 11 (21.2) 0.87 0.41, 2.85
55 and above 3 (13.0) 0.49 0.14, 1.72
Ethnicity Oromo 50 (27.5) Reference  
Amhara 24 (22.9) 0.78 0.45, 1.37
Gurage/Keffa/Yem/Others 19 (18.6) 0.60 0.33, 1.41
Religion Orthodox 33 (16.5) 0.30 0.18, 0.50
Muslim 50 (40.0) Reference  
Catholic/Protestant 10 (15.6) 0.28 0.13, 0.60
Frequency of going worship Daily/2–3 times weekly 37 (22.0) 1.95 0.88, 4.43
Weekly 45 (23.7) Reference  
Less than once a week/Never 11 (35.5) 1.77 0.79, 3.98
Education No formal education 20 (24.4) 0.83 0.46, 1.53
Primary 48 (27.9) Reference  
Secondary 20 (19.6) 0.63 0.35, 1.14
Tertiary 5 (15.2) 0.46 0.17, 1.26
Occupation Unemployed 20 (20.6) 0.60 0.31, 1.15
Daily laborer 30 (30.3) Reference  
Employed 14 (25.5) 0.79 0.37, 1.65
Farmer 1 (11.1) 0.29 0.03, 2.40
Merchant 14 (22.2) 0.66 0.32, 1.37
Others4 14 (21.2) 0.62 0.30, 1.28
Marital status Single 13 (27.1) 1.30 0.63, 2.67
Married 43 (22.3) Reference  
Separated/Divorced/Widowed 37 (25.0) 1.16 0.70, 1.92
Living circumstances Alone 25 (29.8) 1.58 0.91, 2.74
With nuclear family 59 (21.1) Reference  
With others5 9 (34.6) 1.97 0.84, 4.65
  1. 4Occupation = Housewife, domestic worker, student, retired or driver.
  2. 5Living condition = living with other relatives or non-relatives.