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Table 3 Clinical and psychosocial factors associated with khat use among people with HIV attending services at Jimma University Specialized Hospital (n = 389)

From: Khat use in people living with HIV: a facility-based cross-sectional survey from South West Ethiopia

Characteristics Khat use N (%) Unadjusted odds ratio 95% confidence interval
Smoking 1 or more cigarettes per day Yes 27 (75.0) 13.05 5.86, 29.05
No 66 (18.7) Reference  
Alcohol use disorder (scoring ≥8 on AUDIT scale) Yes 42 (33.1) 2.04 1.27, 3.30
No 51 (19.5) Reference  
Mental distress (≥5 on Kessler 6 scale) Yes 52 (29.5) 1.76 1.10, 2.82
No 41 (19.2) Reference  
CD4 count ≤200 cells/mm3 22 (37.3) 2.24 1.24, 4.04
>200 cells/mm3 71 (21.5) Reference  
Missing antiretroviral medication Yes 10 (40.0) 2.39 1.03, 5.56
No 67 (21.8%) Reference  
WHO clinical stage Stage 1 40 (22.5) 0.59 0.32, 1.11
Stage 2 28 (29.9) 0.57 0.29, 1.12
Stage 3 21 (32.8) Reference  
Stage 4 4 (21.1) 0.55 0.16, 1.85