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Table 1 Clinical and demographic characteristics of pregnant women with severe mental illness

From: The characteristics and health needs of pregnant women with schizophrenia compared with bipolar disorder and affective psychoses

  Whole sample N = 456 Non-affective psychosis, N = 236 Affective SMI, N = 220 P*
Ethnicity     
 Black African & other Black 221 (48.5) 137 (58.1) 84 (38.2) <0.001
 White British & other White 152 (33.3) 58 (24.6) 94 (42.7)  
 Asian/ Mixed/Other 83 (18.2) 41 (17.4) 42 (19.1)  
Deprivation score, median (range) 1 34.9 (3.8-77.2) 35.4 (3.8-77.2) 33.6 (6.8-9.7) 0.226
Maternal age at 1 st index delivery, mean (SD), 31.8 (6.2) 30.9 (6.4) 32.9 (5.8) <0.001
Partner during 1 st index pregnancy     
 Yes 299 (68.7) 143 (63.8) 156 (73.9) 0.023
 No 136 (31.3) 81 (36.2) 55 (26.1)  
Number of children at 1 st index pregnancy     
 0 197 (44.7) 101 (43.0) 96 (46.6) 0.682
 1 125 (28.3) 71 (30.2) 54 (26.2)  
 2 68 (15.4) 38 (16.2) 30 (14.6)  
 >/=3 51 (11.6) 25 (10.6) 26 (12.6)  
Victim of child abuse 106 (23.3) 60 (25.4) 46 (20.9) 0.254
Victim of domestic abuse before pregnancy 159 (34.9) 83 (35.2) 76 (34.6) 0.889
Victim of domestic abuse in pregnancy 86 (18.9) 45 (19.1) 41 (18.6) 0.906
Smoking in pregnancy 79 (17.3) 51 (21.6) 28 (12.7) 0.012
Alcohol use in pregnancy 77 (16.9) 40 (17.0) 37 (16.8) 0.970
Substance use in pregnancy 61 (13.4) 39 (16.5) 22 (10.0) 0.041
Self-harm in 2 years before pregnancy 67 (14.7) 41 (17.4) 26 (11.8) 0.094
Number of days of acute care in 2 years before pregnancy,     
 0 262 (57.5) 121 (51.3) 141 (64.1) 0.021
 1-33 67 (14.7) 38 (16.1) 29 (13.2)  
 34-79 63 (13.8) 42 (17.8) 21 (9.6)  
 83-537 64 (14.0) 35 (14.8) 29 (13.2)  
Number of acute admissions in 2 years before pregnancy     
 0 262 (57.5) 121 (51.3) 141 (64.1) 0.025
 1 127 (27.9) 78 (33.1) 49 (22.3)  
 2 38 (8.3) 23 (9.8) 15 (6.8)  
 >2 29 (6.4) 14 (5.9) 15 (6.8)  
Time since last admission (years)     
 1 year 104 (53.6) 65 (56.5) 39 (49.4) 0.326
 2 years 90 (46.4) 50 (43.5) 40 (50.6)  
Highest HoNOS total adjusted score in 2 years before pregnancy, median (range) 2 12 (0–36) 12 (0–36) 12 (0–28) 0.768
  1. 1Deprivation score, whole sample, n = 427, non-affective group, n = 222, affective group, n = 205.
  2. 2adjusted HoNOS, whole sample, n = 244, non-affective group, n = 146, affective group, n = 98.
  3. *p values are for comparison between the affective and non-affective group.