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Table 1 List of the original model and the recommended models on factor structures of the CES-D

From: Reliability and validity of the Center for Epidemiologic Studies Depression Scale (CES-D) among suicide attempters and comparison residents in rural China

Reference Factor (items) CES-D item number and posited factor loading
   1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20
Radloff, 1977 Model C [7]; 4 (20) 1 1 2 4 1 2 1 4 2 2 1 4 1 2 3 4 2 2 3 1
Shafer, 2006 [42];
Williams, 2007 [43]
Kohout, 1993 [44]; 4 (19) 1 1 2 4 1 2 1 4 4   1 4 1 2 3 4 2 2 3 1
Carpenter, 1998 [45];
Irwin, 1999 Model A [46]
Schroevers, 2000 [47]; 2 (20) 1 1 1 2 1 1 1 2 1 1 1 2 1 1 1 2 1 1 1 1
Rivera-Medina, 2010 [48]
Bush, 2004 Both Sexes [49] 4 (20) 1 3 1 4 1 1 1 4 2 1 1 4 3 2 2 4 3 2 2 1
Ying, 1988 [50]; 3 (20) 1 1 1 2 1 1 1 2 1 1 1 2 1 1 3 2 1 1 3 1
Zhang, 2012 [8]
Carleton, 2013 [18] 3 (14) 1 1 2 3 1 2 1 3    1 3   2   3   2   1
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