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Table 1 Psychological distress at follow-up according to demographic characteristics of the study population and alcohol consumption +

From: Direct and indirect exposure to violence and psychological distress among civil servants in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil: a prospective cohort study

   Psychological distress  
   N (%) p-value *
Sex Male 401 (30.4) < 0.0001
  Female 688 (40.7)  
Age (years) ≤29 71 (40.8) 0.34
  30-39 366 (34.6)  
  40-49 463 (37.2)  
  ≥50 189 (35.7)  
Education Elementary or less 428 (34.6) 0.12
  High school 380 (36.0)  
  College or more 259 (39.4)  
Household per capita income** Lower 381 (41.6) <0.0001
  Intermediate 312 (38.0)  
  Upper 316 (30.4)  
Alcohol consumption No consumption 510 (36.1) 0.03
  Mild or moderate 465 (35.7)  
  Heavy 68 (46.9)  
  1. *p-value based on Chi-Square test.
  2. **tertiles.
  3. +Pró-Saúde Study (2001–2007), Rio de Janeiro, RJ, Brazil.