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Table 3 Adjusteda odds of health and military outcomes comparing recently divorced military personnel with those who stayed marriedb

From: Associations of military divorce with mental, behavioral, and physical health outcomes

  Divorced vs. married
Outcomec AOR (95 % CI)
Mental health   
 New-onset posttraumatic stress disorderd 1.77k (1.36, 2.30)
 New-onset depressione 1.40k (1.02, 1.94)
 Anxiety/panice 1.24 (0.90, 1.71)
Behavioral   
 Smoking initiation 2.04k (1.18, 3.54)
 Smoking recidivism 1.25 (0.93, 1.68)
 New-onset alcohol-related problemse 1.52k (1.15, 2.00)
 New-onset binge drinkingf 1.51k (1.26, 1.81)
Physical health   
 New-onset hypertension 1.13 (0.89, 1.42)
 New-onset diabetes 0.82 (0.40, 1.69)
Weight changeg   
 Extreme weight loss 1.31 (0.94, 1.80)
 Moderate weight loss 1.08 (0.90, 1.29)
 Stable weight 1.00 -
 Moderate weight gain 1.15k (1.02, 1.31)
 Extreme weight gain 0.90 (0.73, 1.12)
Functional health   
 Mental component summary scoreh   
  Lowest 1 th percentile 1.09 (0.93, 1.28)
  Middle 70th percentile 1.00 -
  Highest 15th percentile 1.02 (0.87, 1.19)
 Physical component summary scoreh   
  Lowest 15th percentile 1.01 (0.86, 1.20)
  Middle 70th percentile 1.00 -
  Highest 15th percentile 1.26k (1.10, 1.46)
  Military related outcomes   
 Deploymenti 1.47k (1.31, 1.66)
 Military separationj 0.95 (0.80, 1.11)
  1. a Full models were adjusted for all variables: sex, birth year, education, race/ethnicity, baseline smoking status, history of potential alcohol dependence, body mass index, baseline MCS and PCS, combat deployment, pay grade, service component, service branch, and occupation. Reduction of models utilized backwards stepwise regression
  2. b Marital status assessed from baseline to first follow-up, where those who were “recently divorced” were married at their baseline survey and got divorced before their follow-up survey, those who “stayed married” were married throughout the study period. The reference category is “stayed married”
  3. c In outcomes without a reference indication, the reference category is “No”
  4. d Posttraumatic stress disorder is defined using the PTSD checklist-civilian version, specific criteria with a cutoff of 50. e Assessed using the Patient Health Questionnaire
  5. f Binge drinking is defined as reporting 5 or more drinks per occasion for men or 4 or more drinks per occasion for women on at least 1 day during the past year
  6. g Extreme weight loss (≥10 % loss), moderate weight loss (between 3 % and 10 % loss), stable weight (within ± 3 %), moderate weight gain (between 3 % and 10 % gain), and extreme weight gain (≥10 % gain)
  7. h Mental component summary score and physical component summary score are obtained from the Short Form-36 Question Health Survey for Veterans (SF-36 V)
  8. i Deployment was assessed from baseline until the follow-up for those in the “stayed married” and assessed until 3 years after divorce event for the “recently divorced” population
  9. j Separation was assessed after the date of the completion of the follow-up survey
  10. k Adjusted Odds Ratio was found to be statistically significant