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Table 2 Characteristics of the included studies of art therapy

From: The clinical and cost effectiveness of group art therapy for people with non-psychotic mental health disorders: a systematic review and cost-effectiveness analysis

Study author & year Country Number Patients Art therapy description Control description
Beebe et al. 2010 [29] USA 22 Children with asthma Included an opening activity; discussion of the weekly topic and art intervention; art making; opportunity for the parents to share their feelings related to the art they created, and the closing activity. Wait-list
Broome et al. 2001 [13] USA 97a Children (n = 65); & adolescents (n = 32) with sickle cell disease Opportunity to express feelings about pain and develop social skills through interactions with others using art as a focal point for their disease and ethnicity Cognitive Behavioural Therapy “Relaxation” for pain or; Attention control (fun activities e.g. picnic, museum) for children group only
Gussak 2007 [30] USA 44a Incarcerated males Asked to draw person picking an apple from a tree and other similar art therapy tasks No treatment
Hattori et al. 2011 [24] Japan 39 Adults with alzheimer’s disease Primary task to colour abstract patterns which are unclear before colouring. Encouraged to draw familiar objects based on memories or favourite seasons Simple calculations (additions and multiplications of 1 or 2 figure numbers). No pre-set target; patients completed as many as could in session
Kim 2013 [15] Korea 50 Non-clinical older adults Introductory 10–15 min ‘unfreezing’ phase, followed by 35–40 min for individual art making, 15–20 min for group discussion Regular programme activities such as reading books, playing board games, and watching television
Lyshak-Stelzer et al. 2007 [18] USA 29 Adolescents with post-traumatic stress disorder Completion of at least 13 collages or drawings to express a “life story” narrative. Encouraged but not required to discuss dreams, memories and feelings related to their trauma “Treatment as usual”–arts and craft making activity group
McCaffrey et al. 2011 [19]b USA 39 Older adults Drawing self-portraits; presented to group; create new drawings; display and discuss. (Art therapy was reported as the control) The two “intervention” groups were individual (n = 13) or guided (n = 13) garden walking in the Morikami Museum and Japanese Gardens in Delray Beach
Monti et al. 2004 [31] USA 111a Women with cancer Mindfulness based art therapy multi-modal programme including a standardised mindfulness-based stress reduction curriculum; art therapy tasks and supportive group therapy Wait-list
Monti et al. 2006 [16]
Monti et al. 2012 [17] USA 18 Breast cancer (no clinical mental health problem) Mindfulness based art therapy. Art making paired with meditation and ways of expressing emotional information in a personally meaningful manner Educational support group: control given equal time and provided with support and resources to maximise quality of life including expert speakers on topics and time for sharing and supportive exchanges
Rusted et al. 2006 [20] UK 45a Adults with dementia Group-interactive psychodynamic approach Activity groups: a selection of recreational activities from different centres in the locality
Thyme et al. 2007 [14] Sweden 39 Depressed female adults Psychodynamic art therapy. Painting and reflective dialogue between the participant and the therapist Verbal psychodynamic psychotherapy
  1. aN reported is different in final sample results
  2. bIn this trial art therapy was designated the control arm with the two garden walking formats being designated as the interventions