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Table 3 The relationship between standard of living and alcohol use, dependence and abuse in males

From: The prevalence and correlates of alcohol use and alcohol use disorders: a population based study in Colombo, Sri Lanka

Standard of living variable N % Unadjusted OR Adjusted ORa PAF
Alcohol Use      
SoL (standardized)    1.2 (1.1-1.3) 1.2 (1.1-1.3)  
SoL quintiles      
 Top 3 quintiles 1022 61.1    
 Bottom 2 quintiles 705 66.8 1.3 (1.1-1.5) 1.2 (1.0-1.4) 0.2
Alcohol Abuse      
SoL (standardized)    1.2 (1.0-1.3) 1.1 (1.0-1.3)  
SoL quintiles      
 Top 3 quintiles 99 5.9    
 Bottom 2 quintiles 70 6.6 1.2 (0.8-1.5) 1.0 (0.8-1.5) 0.1
Alcohol Dependence      
SoL (standardized)   - 1.5 (1.3-1.7) 1.4 (1.2-1.7)  
SoL quintiles      
 Top 3 quintiles 41 2.5    
 Bottom 2 quintiles 69 6.5 2.8 (1.9-4.2) 2.6 (1.7-4.0) 0.4
  1. Note.
  2. Alcohol abuse includes only individuals who did not also meet the criteria for alcohol dependence (N = 80). PAF population attributable fraction, SoL higher scores indicate lower standard of living
  3. aadjusted for age, education, urbanicity, marital status and ethnicity