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Table 3 Risk factors for violent and non-violent index suicide attempts in total cohort of 48834 Swedish young men

From: Violent and non-violent methods of attempted and completed suicide in Swedish young men: the role of early risk factors

Variables Violent vs. no suicide attempt aMultivariate HR, 95 % CI Non-violent vs. no suicide attempt bMultivariate HR, 95 % CI
Family nervous problems (yes vs. no) 1.31, 0.99-1.72 1.18, 1.02-1.38
Fathers alcohol habits yes vs. no) 1.12, 0.68-1.84 1.33, 1.03-1.73
Own medication for psychiatric problems (no/yes) 2.12, 1.52-2.96 1.70, 1.40-2.05
Intelligence (Average or below average vs. above average ) 1.75, 1.32-2.33 1.86, 1.60-2.18
Emotional control (low vs. high or medium ) 1.24, 0.90-1.70 1.36, 1.14-1.63
Psychiatric diagnosis at conscription (yes vs. no) 1.06, 0.74-1.52 1.38, 1.14-1.68
Conduct problems at school (yes vs. no) 2.16, 1.62-2.89 1.43, 1.22-1.69
Contact with police or juvenile authorities (yes vs. no) 1.36, 1.0-1.82 1.80, 1.53-2.12
Smoking
≥10 cigarettes per day vs. <10 cigarettes per day
1.08, 0.81-1.44 1.26, 1.08-1.48
Problem drinking (yes vs. no) 1.31, 0.91-1.88 1.54, 1.27-1.87
Sniffing of solvents(yes vs. no) 1.58, 1.14-2.17 1.35, 1.13-162
Drug use (no vs. yes) 1.31, 0.82-2.08 1.20, 0.93-1.56
  1. aViolent methods: hanging (n = 37), shooting (n = 18), jump from heights (n = 25), train move (n = 1), cutting (n = 94), drowning (n = 8), other methods (n = 81)
  2. bNon-violent: poisoning (n = 931)
  3. Multivariate Cox PH regressions. HR, 95 % CI