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Table 1 Characteristics of participants

From: The pain of a heart being broken: pain experience and use of analgesics by caregivers of patients with Alzheimer’s disease

Characteristics N (%) M SD Range
Gender     
 Female 73 (57.5)    
 Male 54 (42.5)    
Age [years]   53.21 21.84 31–83
Marital status     
 Married 91 (71.7)    
 Widowed 6 (4.7)    
 Single 11 (8.7)    
 Divorced 19 (14.9)    
Level of education     
 Primary 9 (7.1)    
 Technical/vocational 32 (25.2)    
 Secondary 29 (22.8)    
 University 57 (44.9)    
Employment status     
 Working 76 (59.8)    
Living with patients 116 (91.3)    
Sole caregiver 98 (77.1)    
Time spent caring [h/day]   10.34 6.87 6–19
Time since onset of AD [months]   26.57 8.42 12–37
Pain     
 Occurrence of pain-related somatic diseases 28 (22.0)    
 Spondylosis 23 (18.1)    
 Rheumatoid arthritis 4 (3.1)    
 Phantom limb pain 1 (0.8)    
 Pain level   4.13 4.28 0–10
 Taking analgesics without a doctor’s recommendation [number of doses/week]   3.24 1.99 0–9
Strength of relationship with the patient     
 Strength of emotional relationship   8.02 0.67 4–10
 Positive experiences   7.21 1.99 0–10
 Sense of loss   7.13 1.64 1–10
‘Painfulness’ of loss   6.45 2.12 1–10
Depression score   5.58 3.65 0–19
  1. Note: n = 127