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Table 4 Lifetime prevalence estimates, by country

From: An evaluation of variation in published estimates of schizophrenia prevalence from 1990─2013: a systematic literature review

Author, Year Country Sample size Prevalence estimate Study design Screened age range
Africa      
 Kebede, 1999 Ethiopia 10,203 0.4 %a Cross-sectional 15+
 Kebede, 2003 Ethiopia 68,378 0.47 % Cross-sectional 15–49
 Awas, 1999 Ethiopia 10,468 0.8 %a Cross-sectional 15+
 Rumble, 1996 South Africa 3,032 5 %a Cross-sectional NR
 Bondestam, 1990 Tanzania 10,776 0.06 % Cross-sectional All ages
North America      
 Woogh, 2001 Canada 140,000 0.25 % Cohort NR
 Vanasse, 2012 Canada 5,996,925 1.46 % Cohort 18+
 Kendler, 1994 US 8,098 0.15 %a Cross-sectional 15–54
Asia      
 Chen, 1993 China 7,229 0.13 % Cross-sectional 18–64
 Ran, 2003 China 123,572 0.41 % Cross-sectional 15+
 Xiang, 2008 China 5,926 0.52 % Cross-sectional 15+
 Barrett, 2005 Malaysia 91,056 0.24 % Cross-sectional NR
 Cho, 2010 South Korea 6,510 0.1 %a Cross-sectional 18–64
 Phanthunane, 2010 Thailand 11,700 0.88 %a Cross-sectional 15–59
Europe      
 van, 2004 Denmark 1,020,063 0.33 % Cohort 25
 Perala, 2007 Finland 8,028 0.87 %a Cross-sectional 30+
 Hovatta, 1997 Finland 2,400,000 1.21 % Cohort 5–51
 Lehtinen, 1990 Finland 7,217 1.3 %a Cross-sectional 30+
 Arajarvi, 2005 Finland 12,368 1.54 % Cohort 29–58
 Wittchen, 1992 Germany 1,366 0.60 %a Cohort 25–64
 Stefansson, 1991 Iceland 862 0.35 % Cohort 55–57
 Scully, 2004 Ireland 29,542 0.39 % Cross-sectional All ages
 Kendler, 1994 Ireland 20,686 0.61 % Cohort 15–57
 de Salvia, 1993 Italy 72,512 0.52 % Cohort 15+
 Schrier, 2001 Netherlands 337,362 0.21 % Cohort 20–64
 Bijl, 1998 Netherlands 7,076 0.4 %a Cross-sectional 18–64
 Ochoa, 2008 Spain 1,645 0.49 % Cross-sectional 18+
Oceania      
 Cutajar, 2010 Australia 2,677 0.75 % Cohort 18–58
 Waldo, 1999 Micronesia 5,500 0.40 % Cohort All ages
All Regions      
 Nuevo, 2012 Multinational (52 countries) 181,445 1.11 %a Cross-sectional 18+
  1. aAdjusted prevalence