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Table 4 – Logistic regression analyses for depressive episode and depressive symptoms in 16–18 years-old adolescents in Greece. Odds ratios of ICD-10 depressive episode and depressive symptoms adjusted for several socioeconomic status indicators in adolescents 16–18 years old attending senior high schools in Greece (N = 2427)

From: Depression in late adolescence: a cross-sectional study in senior high schools in Greece

  Depressive episode (ICD-10) Depressive symptoms
Crude ORa (95 % CIb) Adjusted ORa (95 % CIb) Crude ORa (95 % CIb) Adjusted Oa (95 % CIb)
Female gender 3.70 (2.55-5.36) 3.93 (2.65-5.82) 2.56 (1.98-3.31) 2.55 (1.96-3.31)
Grade     
 10th 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00
 11th 1.23 (0.83-1.81) 1.22 (0.81-1.82) 0.85 (0.63-1.14) 0.87 (0.65-1.18)
 12th 1.71 (1.16-2.48) 1.69 (1.16-2.47) 1.05 (0.80-1.39) 1.03 (0.78-1.37)
Parent’s marital status     
 Married 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00
 Divorced/ Separated 1.83 (1.08-3.10) 1.69 (0.96-2.98) 2.13 (1.43-3.18) 2.02 (1.34-3.03)
 Widow 0.89 (0.43-1.82) 0.98 (0.43-2.22) 1.10 (0.62-1.92) 1.29 (0.68-2.45)
Number of siblings     
 None 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00
 One 1.73 (1.01-2.94) 2.20 (1.17-4.13) 1.10 (0.70-1.73) 1.25 (0.76-2.05)
 Two 1.23 (0.67-2.26) 1.47 (0.74-2.95) 0.90 (0.56-1.45) 0.94 (0.56-1.60)
 Three or more 1.03 (0.54-1.97) 1.19 (0.57-2.52) 1.17 (0.69-1.99) 1.17 (0.67-2.06)
Father’s educational level     
 Primary 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00
 Secondary Basic 1.03 (0.56-1.85) 1.07 (0.59-1.94) 0.74 (0.48-1.14) 0.75 (0.47-1.20)
 Secondary Complete 1.01 (0.63-1.62) 1.13 (0.67-1.90) 0.71 (0.49-1.03) 0.80 (0.53-1.20)
 Technological degree 1.41 (0.81-2.45) 1.46 (0.80-2.65) 0.81 (0.52-1.26) 0.90 (0.56-1.45)
 University degree 0.94 (0.57-1.54) 1.06 (0.59-1.92) 0.78 (0.54-1.14) 0.97 (0.60-1.55)
Mother’s educational level     
 Primary 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00
 Secondary Basic 0.83 (0.47-1.46) 0.79 (0.44-1.40) 0.84 (0.54-1.33) 0.87 (0.53-1.41)
 Secondary Complete 0.84 (0.53-1.31) 0.76 (0.45-1.30) 0.78 (0.54-1.13) 0.83 (0.55-1.27)
 Technological degree 1.12 (0.62-2.02) 0.86 (0.43-1.72) 0.99 (0.61-1.60) 1.03 (0.60-1.78)
 University degree 0.97 (0.59-1.60) 0.92 (0.46-1.83) 0.79 (0.53-1.18) 0.86 (0.52-1.43)
Father’s employment status     
 Public sector employee 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00
 Private sector employee 1.29 (0.85-1.95) 1.29 (0.85-1.97) 1.27 (0.91-1.77) 1.29 (0.90-1.86)
 Self-employed 0.92 (0.62-1.37) 0.98 (0.65-1.48) 1.08 (0.81-1.45) 1.13 (0.82-1.56)
 Retired 0.41 (0.17-1.00) 0.39 (0.16-0.99) 1.50 (0.81-2.78) 1.55 (0.82-2.96)
 Unemployed/ Other 1.02 (0.58-1.80) 0.95 (0.50-1.80) 1.25 (0.79-1.98) 1.01 (0.63-1.78)
Mother’s employment status     
 Public sector employee 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00
 Private sector employee 0.95 (0.60-1.51) 0.82 (0.50-1.34) 0.93 (0.66-1.31) 0.80 (0.55-1.16)
 Self-employed 0.83 (0.49-1.41) 0.84 (0.47-1.50) 0.91 (0.62-1.35) 0.90 (0.59-1.36)
 Unemployed 1.16 (0.63-2.15) 1.07 (0.54-2.13) 1.30 (0.77-2.20) 1.03 (0.59-1.81)
 Looks after house 0.74 (0.49-1.14) 0.76 (0.47-1.23) 0.91 (0.65-1.26) 0.89 (0.61-1.28)
 Retired/ Other 0.78 (0.39-1.54) 0.73 (0.34-1.57) 0.99 (0.59-1.64) 0.87 (0.50-1.51)
Financial difficulties     
 No 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00
 Few 1.26 (0.85-1.86) 1.19 (0.79-1.79) 1.32 (0.98-1.75) 1.28 (0.95-1.72)
 Some/ A lot 2.33 (1.48-3.67) 2.23 (1.40-3.55) 2.44 (1.73-3.44) 2.29 (1.60-3.28)
School performance     
 Excellent/ Very good/ Good 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00
 Fair 1.49 (1.03-2.16) 1.45 (0.97-2.18) 1.28 (0.96-1.70) 1.13 (0.82-1.54)
  1. aOR: Odds ratio;bCI: Confidence Interval; Bold numbers indicate statistical significance