Skip to main content

Table 5 Relative risk of eating disorders and prenatal maternal bereavement stratified on sex of children

From: Prenatal maternal bereavement and risk of eating disorders in infants and toddlers: a population-based cohort study

Exposure category Boys Girls
Cases Incidence rate (1/100,000) Adjusted IRR (95 % CI)a Cases Incidence rate (1/100,000) Adjusted IRR (95 % CI)a
Unexposed 4,197 55.84 1.00(ref) 5,027 70.54 1.00(ref)
Any exposed 86 67.10 1.16(0.94–1.43) 93 75.74 1.05(0.86–1.29)
Time of exposure
 12–7 months 26 70.16 1.24(0.85–1.81) 27 76.23 1.05(0.72–1.54)
 6–0 months 34 84.30 1.44(1.03–2.02) 27 69.09 0.94(0.65–1.38)
 Prenatal 26 51.20 0.88(0.60–1.29) 39 80.76 1.14(0.84–1.56)
  1st trimester 10 67.51 1.13(0.61–2.11) 13 91.07 1.24(0.72–2.13)
  2nd trimester 9 43.45 0.72(0.38–1.39) 17 85.78 1.23(0.77–1.95)
  3rd trimester 7 45.87 0.83(0.40–1.75) 9 63.37 0.92(0.48–1.76)
Type of deceased relative
Child/spouse 20 103.91 1.69(1.09–2.63) 21 110.22 1.41(0.92–2.16)
 12–7 months 4 62.82 1.03(0.39–2.75) 8 124.61 1.76(0.82–3.30)
 6–0 months 13 133.11 2.21(1.28–3.82) 9 92.66 1.18(0.61–2.27)
 Prenatal 3 96.34 1.45(0.47–4.51) 4 136.99 1.65(0.62–4.39)
Other relatives 66 60.59 1.06(0.83–1.35) 72 69.40 0.98(0.78–1.24)
 12–7 months 22 71.68 1.28(0.85–1.93) 19 65.52 0.91(0.58–1.44)
 6–0 months 21 68.71 1.19(0.77–1.82) 18 61.29 0.86(0.54–1.36)
 Prenatal 23 48.25 0.83(0.55–1.26) 35 77.14 1.11(0.80–1.54)
Cause of death
Unexpected causes 10 66.31 1.13(0.63–2.05) 11 76.20 0.94(0.52–1.70)
 12–7 months 2 44.68 1.04(0.33–3.22) 5 124.50 1.68(0.70–4.04)
 6–0 months 4 80.73 1.24(0.47–3.31)
 Prenatal 4 70.80 1.06(0.40–2.84) 6 106.33 1.43(0.64–3.18)
Other causes 76 67.52 1.17(0.93–1.46) 82 76.05 1.07(0.86–1.33)
 12–7 months 24 73.96 1.26(0.85–1.89) 22 70.38 0.98(0.65–1.50)
 6–0 months 30 85.27 1.47(1.03–2.10) 27 79.07 1.09(0.74–1.59)
 Prenatal 22 48.96 0.85(0.56–1.29) 33 77.80 1.12(0.80–1.57)
  1. IRR incidence rate ratio, CI confidence intervals
  2. aPoisson regression models were adjusted for country, maternal age, paternal age, parity, number of fetuses in the pregnancy, maternal countries of origin, family history of psychiatric disorders, maternal education, gestational age, birth weight and calendar year of follow up; −. No case