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Table 2 Trauma and stressful situations in asylum seekers and control group (n, %)

From: Assessment and treatment of asylum seekers after a suicide attempt: a comparative study of people registered at mental health services in a Swedish location

Category Men, asylum seekers Men, control group Women, asylum seekers Women, control group Total, asylum seekers Total, control group
Trauma       
 Persecution, harassment 32 (68.1)* 1 (2.1) 23 (56.1)* 2 (4.9) 55 (62.5)* 3 (3.4)
 Threats 14 (29.8)* 3 (6.4) 12 (29.3)* 2 (4.9) 26 (29.5)* 5 (5.7)
 Prison/lawful punishment, political reasons 4 (10.3) 0 (0.0) 5 (13.9) 0 (0.0) 9 (12.0) 0 (0.0)
 Prison/lawful punishment, all reasons 12 (25.5)* 4 (8.5) 8 (19.5) 3 (7.3) 20 (22.7)* 7 (8.0)
 War events as military staff/as civilians 9 (19.1)* 2 (4.3) 3 (7.3) 0 (0.0) 12 (13.6)* 2 (2.3)
 Assault, robbery 8 (17.0) 7 (14.9) 13 (31.7) 12 (29.3) 21 (23.9) 19 (21.6)
 Torture 14 (35.0) 0 (0.0) 6 (16.2) 0 (0.0) 20 (26.0) 0 (0.0)
 Abuse before age of 18a 0 (0.0) 4 (8.5) 7 (17.1) 10 (24.4) 7 (8.0) 14 (15.9)
 Rape, abuse, kidnappinga 2 (4.3) 2 (4.3) 17 (41.5)* 7 (17.1) 19 (21.6)* 9 (10.2)
 Non-specified trauma 2 (4.3) 1 (2.1) 6 (14.6) 1 (2.4) 8 (9.1) 2 (2.3)
 Total exposure to trauma 39 (83.0)* 13 (27.7) 36 (87.8)* 19 (46.3) 75 (85.2)* 32 (36.4)
Stressful situations       
 Alcohol/substance abuse or disease in parents 0 (0.0) 12 (25.5)* 1 (2.4) 16 (39.0)* 1 (1.1) 28 (31.8)*
 Socioeconomic conditions in childhood and youth 3 (6.4) 6 (12.8) 3 (7.3) 6 (14.6) 6 (6.8) 12 (13.6)
 Bullying 1 (2.1) 4 (8.5) 0 (0.0) 7 (17.1)* 1 (1.1) 11 (12.5)*
 Family conflict 1 (2.1) 5 (10.6) 11 (26.8) 5 (12.2) 12 (13.6) 10 (11.4)
 Relational conflict 3 (6.4) 25 (53.2)* 4 (9.8) 16 (39.0)* 7 (8.0) 41 (46.6)*
 Recent relational conflict 1 (2.1) 14 (29.8)* 0 (0.0) 4 (9.8) 1 (1.1) 18 (20.5)*
 Loss 7 (14.9) 7 (14.9) 10 (24.4) 8 (19.5) 17 (19.3) 15 (17.0)
 Migration related, other than asylum process 1 (2.1) 2 (4.3) 3 (7.3) 1 (2.4) 4 (4.5) 3 (3.4)
 Socio-economic stress 11 (23.4) 15 (31.9) 11 (26.8) 16 (39.0) 22 (25.0) 31 (35.2)
 Work/study related 0 (0.0) 11 (23.4)* 2 (4.9) 8 (19.5)* 2 (2.3) 19 (21.6)*
 Health related 4 (8.5) 4 (8.5) 7 (17.1) 4 (9.8) 11 (12.5) 8 (9.1)
 Circumstances concerning own children 3 (6.4) 2 (4.3) 12 (29.3) 7 (17.1) 15 (17.0) 9 (10.2)
 Other 0 (0.0) 1 (2.1) 2 (4.9) 9 (22.0)* 2 (2.3) 10 (11.4)*
Phase in the asylum process       
 Waiting for decision 12 (25.5) - 9 (22.0) - 21 (23.9) -
 Recent rejection 17 (36.2) - 17 (41.5) - 34 (38.6) -
 Have appealed decision 9 (19.1) - 8 (19.5) - 17 (19.3) -
 Earlier asylum seeker, still staying in the country after rejection and appeal 1 (2.1) - 3 (7.3) - 4 (4.5) -
 Other or unclear situation 8 (17.0) - 4 (9.8) - 12 (13.6) -
  1. aAbuse defined as physical abuse, sexual abuse, emotional abuse and neglect
  2. * = significant difference, p-value < 0.05