Skip to main content

Table 3 Association of stressful life events with anxiety among participants (n = 1455)

From: Prevalence, associated factors and predictors of anxiety: a community survey in Selangor, Malaysia

  Presence of anxiety Absence of anxiety Total OR (95 % CI) p-value
(GAD-7 ≥ 8) (GAD-7 < 8)
n (%) n (%)
Attacked      
 Yes 22 (14.7) 128 (85.3) 150 1.973 (1.282–3.036) **0.002
 No 97 (7.4) 1208 (92.6) 1305   
Serious illness      
 Yes 19 (16.0) 100 (84.0) 119 2.133 (1.356–3.356) **0.001
 No 100 (7.5) 1236 (92.5) 1336   
Abused during childhood      
 Yes 9 (25.7) 26 (74.3) 35 3.319 (1.838–5.994) **0.001
 No 110 (7.7) 1310 (92.3) 1420   
Serious injury due to accident      
 Yes 15 (8.9) 153 (91.1) 168 1.105 (0.659–1.853) 0.706
 No 104 (8.1) 1183 (91.9) 1287   
Being an orphan before age 10      
 Yes 13 (11.0) 105 (89.0) 118 1.390 (0.806–2.395) 0.241
 No 106 (7.9) 1231 (92.1) 1337   
Loss of someone very close      
 Yes 27 (8.4) 294 (91.6) 321 1.037 (0.688–1.563) 0.863
 No 92 (8.1) 1042 (91.9) 1134   
Serious marital problem (n = 888)      
 Yes 6 (15.8) 32 (84.2) 38 2.532 (1.162–5.520) *0.035
 No 53 (6.2) 797 (93.8) 850   
Serious family problem      
 Yes 20 (29.0) 49 (71.0) 69 4.058 (2.679–6.147) **0.001
 No 99 (7.1) 1287 (92.9) 1386   
Serious financial constraint      
 Yes 33 (18.4) 146 (81.6) 179 2.735 (1.890–3.958) ** < 0.001
 No 86 (6.7) 1190 (93.3) 1276   
Serious housing problems      
 Yes 20 (32.3) 42 (67.7) 62 4.539 (3.019–6.823) **0.001
 No 99 (7.1) 1294 (92.9) 1393   
Serious problems at work (n = 736)      
 Yes 13 (22.8) 44 (77.2) 57 3.777 (2.153–6.627) **0.001
 No 41 (6.0) 638 (94.0) 679   
Lost job      
 Yes 11 (21.2) 41 (78.8) 52 2.748 (1.577–4.788) *0.002
 No 108 (7.7) 1295 (92.3) 1403   
Legal problems      
 Yes 6 (33.3) 12 (66.7) 18 4.239 (2.154–8.341) *0.002
 No 113 (7.9) 1324 (92.1) 1437   
Relationship with spouse/partner (n = 980)      
 Unhappy 34 (30.9) 76 (69.1) 110 5.721 (3.858–8.486) *0.001
 Happy 47 (5.4) 823 (94.6) 870   
Relationship with children (n = 870)      
 Unhappy 20 (32.8) 41 (67.2) 61 6.631 (4.147–10.604) **0.001
 Happy 40 (4.9) 769 (95.1) 809   
Relationship with family      
 Unhappy 46 (34.1) 89 (65.9) 135 6.161 (4.458–8.516) **0.001
 Happy 73 (5.5) 1247 (94.5) 1320   
Relationship with work (n = 687)      
 Unhappy 19 (29.7) 45 (70.3) 64 6.135 (3.670–10.256) **0.001
 Happy 30 (4.8) 590 (95.2) 620   
  1. *significant at p < 0.05 **significant at p < 0.001