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Table 3 Correlates/predictors of scores on Depression Treatment Beliefs Scale examined using linear regression

From: Quantifying and predicting depression literacy of undergraduates: a cross sectional study in Sri Lanka

  Predictor variables Subgroup score Standardised regression coefficient (unadjusted) Standardised regression coefficient
(adjusted) [99 % CI]
M (SD) (n = 4233-4559) (n = 3793)
Gender: Male 16.90 (3.52)    
  Female 17.78 (3.20) 0.12*** 0.10*** [0.06, 0.15]
Faculty: Medicine 18.30 (3.40)    
  Arts and Education 17.79 (3.13) −0.07** −0.11*** [−0.18, −0.04]
  Law 17.77 (3.14) −0.05** −0.11*** [−0.17, −0.05]
  Management and Finance 16.91 (3.40) −0.17*** −0.18*** [−0.25, −0.11]
  Science 17.35 (3.30) −0.10*** −0.11*** [−0.17, −0.05]
  Computer 16.96 (3.56) −0.13*** −0.11*** [−0.17, −0.05]
Year: 1 st Year 17.85 (3.09)    
  2nd Year 17.10 (3.51) −0.10*** −0.09*** [−0.14, −0.04]
  3rd Year 17.24 (3.35) −0.07*** −0.07*** [−0.12, −0.02]
  4th Year 17.39 (3.47) −0.04** −0.06** [−0.12, −0.01]
  5th Year (Medicine) 18.55 (3.92) 0.03 −0.02 [−0.07, 0.03]
Age group: 18–20 years 17.83 (3.12)    
  21–23 years 17.47 (3.33) −0.05 0.02 [−0.05, 0.08]
  24 and above 17.46 (3.46) −0.04 0.03 [−0.05, 0.10]
Residence Home 17.36 (3.46)    
  Hostel 17.60 (3.32) 0.03 −0.02 [−0.06, 0.03]
  Rented place 17.69 (3.17) 0.04 −0.01 [−0.06, 0.03]
  Home of friend/relative 17.20 (3.05) −0.01 −0.02 [−0.06, 0.02]
  Other 17.23 (4.01) −0.004 −0.04 [−0.08, 0.01]
Religion Buddhist 17.45 (3.35)    
  Hindu 17.90 (3.14) 0.02 0.03 [−0.01, 0.07]
  Islam 17.83 (3.31) 0.02 0.01 [−0.03, 0.05]
  Roman Catholic 17.90 (3.17) 0.03 0.05** [0.01, 0.09]
  Other 17.23 (3.44) −0.01 −0.01 [−0.05, 0.03]
Exposure to problem through family/friends No 17.98 (3.10)    
Response: Yes 17.27 (3.44) −0.10*** −0.06** [−0.11, −0.01]
Response: Don’t know 17.24 (3.32) −0.09*** −0.04 [−0.09, 0.002]
Personal experience of problem No 17.79 (3.21)    
Response: Yes 17.16 (3.44) −0.09*** −0.09 [−0.26, 0.08]
  Response: Don’t know 16.95 (3.27) −0.07*** −0.06 [−0.14, 0.03]
If personally experienced, if help sought Help not sought 16.67 (3.53)    
Tried first but got help later 17.52 (3.22) 0.09*** 0.07*** [0.02, 0.12]
  Help sought 17.22 (3.43) 0.04 0.04 [−0.01, 0.08]
  Not relevant 17.04 (3.56) 0.16*** 0.01 [−0.17, 0.19]
Screening positive for Major Depression No 17.62 (3.26)    
Yes 16.76 (3.85) −0.08*** −0.04 [−0.08, 0.002]
Recognition of problem Not recognised 16.77 (3.51)    
Recognised as ‘depression’ 18.32 (3.21) 0.18*** 0.14*** [0.08, 0.19]
Recognised using other mental health-related labels 17.70 (3.15) 0.14*** 0.10*** [0.06, 0.15]
Stigma scale scores Weak-not-Sick scale score NA NA −0.04** −0.04 [−0.08, 0.00]
Dangerous-Undesirable scale score NA NA −0.10*** −0.04 [−0.08, 0.003]
  Social Distance scale score NA NA −0.16*** −0.16*** [−0.20, −0.12]
Adjusted R square    .11
  1. ** p < .01; *** p < .001
  2. Predictor variables in bold text indicate the demographic subgroups that were the reference groups for the dummy coded variables