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Table 1 A sociodemographic and clinical comparison of White, Black and Asian FEP patients

From: Ethnicity and pathways to care during first episode psychosis: the role of cultural illness attributions

Sociodemographic factor Total White Black Asian P value
n = 123 n = 45 n = 35 n = 43  
Gender      
 Female 32 (26 %) 9 (20 %) 11 (31.4 %) 12 (27.9 %) 0.48
 Male 91 (74 %) 36 (80 %) 24 (68.6 %) 31 (72.1 %)  
Age (Mean, SD) 23.22 (5.07) 23.13 (4.63) 22.71 (4.69) 23.72 (5.83) 0.68a
Education      
 School 64 (52.0 %) 22 (48.9 %) 20 (57.1 %) 22 (51.2 %) 0.757
 Higher 59 (48.0 %) 23 (51.1 %) 15 (42.9 %) 21 (48.8 %)  
Religious affiliation      
 Christianity 44 (35.8 %) 15 (33.3 %) 29 (82.9 %) 0 (0 %)  
 Other 4 (3.3 %) 0 (0 %) 1 (2.9 %) 3 (7 %) <0.001
 Islam 38 (30.9 %) 1 (2.2 %) 1 (2.9 %) 36 (83.7 %)  
 None 37 (30.1 %) 29 (64.4 %) 4 (11.4 %) 4 (9.3 %)  
Religious practice      
 No 65(52.8 %) 38 (84.4 %) 16 (45.7 %) 11 (25.6 %) <0.001
 Yes 58(47.2 %) 7 (15.6 %) 19 (54.3 %) 32 (74.4 %)  
Birth place      
 UK 100 (81.3 %) 44 (97.8 %) 23 (65.7 %) 33 (76.7 %) <0.01
 Non UK 23 (18.7 %) 1 (2.2 %) 12 (34.3 %) 10 (23.3 %)  
Migrant generation      
 1st Generation 27 (22 %) 1 (2.2 %) 13 (37.1 %) 13 (30.2 %)  
 2nd Generation 32 (26 %) 0 (0 %) 8 (22.9 %) 24 (55.8 %) <0.001
 3rd Generation 21 (17.1 %) 1 (2.2 %) 14 (40 %) 6 (14 %)  
 Not applicable 43 (35 %) 43 (95.6 %) 0 (0 %) 0 (0 %)  
Marital status      
 Married/cohabiting 13 (10.6 %) 3 (6.7 %) 1 (2.9 %) 9 (20.9 %) 0.02
 Single 110 (89.4 %) 42 (93.3 %) 34 (97.1 %) 34 (79.1 %)  
Living status      
 Alone 29 (23.6 %) 8 (17.8 %) 17 (48.6 %) 4 (9.3 %) <0.001
 With others 94 (76.4 %) 37 (82.2 %) 18 (51.4 %) 39 (90.7 %)  
DUP      
  ≤ 6 months 48 (39.4 %) 19 (42.2 %) 13 (37.1 %) 16 (37.2 %) 0.859
  > 6 months 75 (61.0 %) 26 (57.8 %) 22 (62.9 %) 27 (62.8 %)  
Diagnosis      
 Depressive psychosis 30 (25.6 %) 14 (36.2 %) 7 (20.6 %) 9 (22.5 %)  
 Broad schizophrenia 84 (71.8 %) 27 (62.8 %) 27 (79.4 %) 30 (75 %) 0.446
 Manic psychosis 3 (2.6 %) 2 (4.7 %) 0 (0 %) 1 (2.5 %)  
  1. Results based on chi square analysis; DUP Duration of Untreated Psychosis; aResults based on ANOVA as continuous outcome
  2. Bold typeface indicates significant group difference