Skip to main content

Advertisement

Springer Nature is making SARS-CoV-2 and COVID-19 research free. View research | View latest news | Sign up for updates

Table 3 Ethnic variations in proportional and dichotomous service encounters during FEP

From: Ethnicity and pathways to care during first episode psychosis: the role of cultural illness attributions

Service encounters Total White Black Asian P value Odds ratio (95 % CI)c
Mental health services 40.73 % 40.90 % 41.95 % 39.56 % 0.831a N/A N/A
Emergency services/general 19.99 % 22.61 % 19.17 % 17.93 % 0.465b White vs. Asian 0.38 (0.14, 1.00)d
Practitioner       White vs. Black 1.56 (0.64, 3.81)
       Asian vs. Black 4.13 (1.50, 11.40)
Welfare services 3.64 % 3.16 % 5.38 % 2.74 % 0.257b White vs. Asian 0.71 (0.21, 2.45)
       White vs. Black 1.88 (0.62, 5.68)
       Asian vs. Black 2.63 (0.79, 8.75)
Faith based services 3.51 % 0 % 3.27 % 7.39 % <0.001 b White vs. Asian 34.83 (4.39, 279.46) e
       White vs. Black 13.04 (1.54, 110.07)
       Asian vs. Black 0.37 (0.14, 1.01)
Criminal justice 6.34 % 4.46 % 8.36 % 6.66 % 0.121b White vs. Asian 1.49 (0.59, 3.79)
       White vs. Black 2.60 (1.01, 6.74)
       Asian vs. Black 1.74 (0.69, 4.38)
Compulsory detention N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A White vs. Asian 1.52 (0.58, 3.95)
       White vs. Black 4.67 (1.77, 12.32)
       Asian vs. Black 3.08 (1.21, 7.83)
  1. Columns 2 to 5 represent the proportion of total FEP encounters for each ethnicity (columns do not equal 100 % as not all encounters [e.g., EI] are reported here); Column 8 represents at least one service encounter for each type of service; CI Confidence Interval, N/A data not available/applicable; aBased on ANOVA test; bBased on Kruskall-Wallis test; cLogistic regression with at least one encounter as the outcome; dAt least one emergency service encounter (excluding GP contact); eA value of 1 was added to each cell to facilitate logistic regression as there were no contacts for White patients
  2. Bold typeface indicates significant Odds ratio