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Table 1 Psychometrics of knowledge measures

From: Mental health literacy measures evaluating knowledge, attitudes and help-seeking: a scoping review

Measures Developer/Author Reliability Validity & responsiveness Content
1.Knowledge about Schizophrenia Questionnaire (KASQ) Ascher-Svanum, 1999 [29] KR-20a = .85, .89 R; CT S
r ita = .46; .51
rb = .83 (p < .005)
2. Knowledge About Schizophrenia Test (KAST) Compton et al., 2007 [30] KR-20a = .82 (.45-.78) CS; CT; CR S
3. Multiple-Choice Knowledge of Mental Illnesses Test (MC-KOMIT) Compton et al., 2011 [31] αa = .68-.75 R; CS; CT G
rb = .79 (p < .001)
4. Mental Health Knowledge Schedule (MAKS); Evans-Lacko et al., 2010 [32] αa = .65 CT G
Lin’s Pc b = .71;
kb = .57-.87
5. Depression Multiple Choice Question (MCQ) Gabriel & Violato, 2009 [33] αa = .68 CT; CV; FA D
6. Depression literacy scale (D-Lit) Kiropoulos et al., 2011 [34] αa = ..88, .92   D
rb = .78, .80 (p < 0.001)
Gulliver et al., 2012 [35] αa = .70  
rb = .71 (p = .02)
7. Anxiety Literacy Questionnaire (A-Lit) Gulliver et al., 2012 [35] αa = .76;   A
rb = .83 (p = .003)
8. Test of Knowledge About ADHD (KADD) Hepperlen et al., 2002 [36] αa = .81-.82; FA; CT ADHD
9. Knowledge about Depression and Mania Inventory (KDMI) Kronmuller et al., 2008 [37] αa = .89 (.76-.81); CC/CR; CT; D; R D
r ita = .36-.43
10. Journey of Hope (JOH) Outcome Survey Pickett-Schenk et al., 2000 [38] αa = .75-.83 CS; FA G
11. Knowledge of Mental Disorders (KMD) Serra et al., 2013 [39] αa = .588 CS; FA G
12. Adolescent Depression Knowledge Questionnaire (ADKQ) Shelley et al., 2014 [40] αa = .89 FA D
13. Mental health disorder recognition questionnaire (MDRQ) Swami et al., 2011 [41] kc = .94, .96 CS; CV G
14. Mental Health Knowledge Questionnaire (MHKQ) Wang et al., 2013 [42] αa = .69 FA G
  1. ainternal consistency reliability: Cronbach alpha (α), Kuder-Richardson 20 (KR-20), item to total correlation (r it) ; btest-retest reliability: weighted kappa (k), Pearson correlation coefficient (r), Lin’s Pc; c inter-rater reliability: weighted kappa (k)
  2. CT Content validity, CS Construct validity, CR Criterion validity, CV Convergent validity, CC Concurrent validity, D Discriminant validity, FA Factor analysis, R Responsiveness
  3. G general knowledge, D Depression, S Schizophrenia, ADHD Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder, A Anxiety