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Table 1 Demographic characteristics and differences in depressive symptoms (N = 2925)

From: Prevalence of depressive symptoms and its correlations with positive psychological variables among Chinese medical students: an exploratory cross-sectional study

Variables Number Percent CES-D (Mean ± SD) P-value
Gender
 Male 1028 35.15 % 21.61 ± 9.34 < 0.001
 Female 1897 64.85 % 19.68 ± 9.22
Age
 15–21 1406 48.07 % 19.48 ± 9.58 < 0.001
 22–28 1519 51.93 % 21.19 ± 8.97
Place of residence
 Urban area 1809 61.85 % 20.33 ± 9.50 0.820
 Rural area 1116 38.15 % 20.41 ± 9.00
Paternal education
 Primary school 301 10.29 % 21.12 ± 9.40 0.210
 Middle school 1450 49.58 % 20.05 ± 9.05
 University 1044 35.69 % 20.48 ± 9.67
 Postgraduate school 130 4.44 % 21.08 ± 8.96
Maternal education
 Primary school 469 16.04 % 21.03 ± 9.08 0.365
 Middle school 1524 52.10 % 20.16 ± 9.13
 University 841 28.75 % 20.33 ± 9.68
 Postgraduate school 91 3.11 % 20.56 ± 9.92
Study programs
 Five years 1738 59.42 % 21.29 ± 9.18 < 0.001
 Seven years 1187 40.58 % 19.00 ± 9.33
  1. CES-D: the Center for Epidemiologic Studies Depression Scale