Skip to main content

Table 1 Sociodemographic and clinical characteristics of The Maastricht Study participants

From: Psychological and personality factors in type 2 diabetes mellitus, presenting the rationale and exploratory results from The Maastricht Study, a population-based cohort study

  No type 2 diabetes (n = 609) Type 2 diabetes (n = 253) p-value
Age, years 58 ± 8.6 64 ± 7.0 < 0.001
Male sex, n (%) 296 (49 %) 176 (70 %) < 0.001
Partner, n (%) 515 (85 %) 208 (85 %) 0.98
Educational level, % low/middle/high 12/39/49 28/47/25 <0.001
HbA1c, % 5.65 ± 0.37 6.91 ± 0.88 < 0.001
Diabetes duration, years - 7 [3–11]  
Diabetes medication, % no/oral/insulin - 22/57/21  
Smoking, % never/former/current 34/49/17 22/64/14  
 Pack years 4 [0–18] 15 [0–33] < 0.001
Body mass index, kg/m2 26.3 ± 4.0 29.8 ± 4.7 < 0.001
Systolic blood pressure, mmHg 133 ± 18 146 ± 19 < 0.001
Diastolic blood pressure, mmHg 76 ± 10 78 ± 10 0.004
Total cholesterol, mmol/l 5.5 ± 1.1 4.4 ± 1.0 < 0.001
HDL cholesterol, mmol/l 1.40 ± 0.41 1.12 ± 0.40 < 0.001
LDL cholesterol, mmol/l 3.5 ± 1.0 2.6 ± 0.9 < 0.001
Triglycerides, mmol/l 1.3 ± 0.9 1.8 ± 1.0 < 0.001
  1. Data are presented as mean ± standard deviation (SD), number (percentage) or as median [inter quartile range (IQR)], unless otherwise indicated