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Table 1 Units’ Descriptive statistics, by country, n (%) unless otherwise stated

From: Quality of care and its determinants in longer term mental health facilities across Europe; a cross-sectional analysis

Variable Label Bul CzR Ger Gre Ita Neth Pol Port Spa UK Total
  Number of units surveyed 20 20 21 22 29 21 20 20 20 20 213
Location Inner city 6 (30 %) 6 (30 %) 11 (52 %) 20 (91 %) 14 (48 %) 4 (19 %) 11 (55 %) 9 (45 %) 13 (65 %) 15 (75 %) 109 (51 %)
Suburbs 5 (25 %0 12 (60 %) 4 (19 %) 0 (0 %) 12 (41 %) 11 (52 %) 9 (45 %) 3 (15 %) 6 (30 %) 5 (25 %) 67 (32 %)
Countryside 9 (45 %) 2 (10 %) 6 (29 %) 2 (9 %) 3 (11 %) 6 (29 %) 0 (0 %) 8 (40 %) 1 (5 %) 0 (0 %) 37 (17 %)
Type Community 12 (60 %) 5 (25 %) 21 (100 %) 22
(100 %)
29 (100 %) 11 (52 %) 10 (50 %) 7 (35 %) 10 (50 %) 15 (75 %) 142 (67 %)
Hospital 8 (40 %) 15 (75 %) 0 (0 %) 0 (0 %) 0 (0 %) 10 (48 %) 10 (50 % 13 (65 %) 10 (50 %) 5 (25 %) 71 (33 %)
Unit size Mean (SD)
Range
53.8 (33.5)
8 – 120
34.5 (18.4)
5 – 56
23.3 (12.7)
9 – 58
12.9
(3.9)
6 – 20
10.4
(4.6)
5 – 24
30.2 (14.0)
11 – 60
46.3 (13.8)
31 – 73
16.5 (10.5)
6 – 40
21.4 (14.6)
11 - 70
14.1 (5.3)
6 – 30
25.5
(20.1)
5-120
Has max length of stay 1 (5 %) 3 (15 %) 0 (0 %) 5 (23 %) 10 (35 %) 1 (5 %) 0 (0 %) 2 (10 %) 2 (10 %) 17 (85 %) 41 (19 %)
Single gender units Male 7 (35 %) 7 (35 %) 0 (0 %) 1 (5 %) 2 (7 %) 0 (0 %) 5 (25 %) 6 (30 %) 2 (10 %) 1 (5 %) 31 (15 %)
Female 4 (20 %) 5 (25 %) 0 (0 %) 1 (5 %) 2 (7 %) 0 (0 %) 4 (20 %) 2 (10 %) 0 (0 %) 1 (5 %) 19 (9 %)
Detained patients % in unit, mean (SD) range 13.1 (24)
0 – 96
7.9 (13)
0 – 50
3.5 (9)
0 – 29
12.3 (27) 0 – 100 3.2 (7)
0 -30
11.7 (19) 0 – 65 17.6 (25) 0 – 100 0.3 (1)
0 – 5
17.2 (35) 0 – 100 23.4 (25) 0 – 75 10.7 (21)
0 – 100
>50 % pts involuntary 1 (5 %) 0 (0 %) 0 (0 %) 3 (14 %) 0 (0 %) 2 (10 %) 2 (10 %) 0 (0 %) 3 (15 %) 3 (15 %) 14 (6.6 %)
% Pts that need high levels of assistance None 4 (20 %) 6 (30 %) 5 (24 %) 14 (64 %) 11 (38 %) 3 (14 %) 2 (10 %) 5 (25 %) 2 (10 %) 6 (30 %) 58 (27 %)
>50 % 3 (15 %) 1 (5 %) 1 (5 %) 1 (5 %) 1 (3 %) 6 (29 %) 2 (10 %) 3 (15 %) 4 (20 %) 1 (5 %) 23 (8 %)
Staffing Intensity (Full Time Equivalent staff to bed ratio), mean (SD) range 0.2 (0.2)
0.1 – 0.6
0.5 (0.2) 0.1 – 0.8 0.3 (0.2) 0.1 – 0.7 1.7 (1.9) 0.1 – 9.1 0.2 (0.1) 0.1 – 0.5 0.6 (0.4) 0.2 – 1.8) 0.5 (0.2) 0.2 – 0.9 0.3 (0.3) 0.1 – 1.1 1.6 (1.2) 0.3 – 4.7 1.2 (0.5) 0.1 – 1.9 0.7 (0.9)
0.1 – 9.1
Turnover (per bed in past 2 years), mean (SD) range 0.12
(0.13)
0 – 0.55
0.22 (0.25)
0 – 0.86
0.23 (0.31)
0 – 1.00
0.13 (0.13)
0 – 0.44
0.21 (0.16)
0 – 0.75
0.58 (0.90)
0 – 4.00
0.13 (0.12)
0 – 0.37
0.14 (0.17)
0 – 0.50
0.19 (0.33)
0 – 1.50
0.11 (0.09)
0 – 0.30
0.21
(0.36)
0 – 4.0
Psychiatrist in the unit 9 (45 %) 16 (80 %) 0 (0 %) 18 (82 %) 21 (72 %) 12 (57 %) 20 (100 %) 10 (50 %) 14 (70 %) 15 (75 %) 135 (63 %)
No Psychiatrist input 0 (0 %) 1 (5 %) 2 (10 %) 0 (0 %) 1 (3 %) 0 (0 %) 0 (0 %) 0 (0 %) 0 (0 %) 0 (0 %) 4 (2 %)
Clinical Psychologist 4 (20 %) 12 (60 %) 1 (5 %) 17 (77 %) 16 (55 %) 4 (19 %) 19 (95 %) 6 (30 %) 14 (70 %) 12 (60 %) 105 (49 %)
Social Worker 0 (0 %) 20 (100 %) 7 (33 %) 18 (82 %) 23 (79 %) 9 (43 %) 15 (75 %) 14 (70 %) 13 (65 %) 1 (5 %) 120 (56 %)
Vocational rehabilitation lead 14 (70 %) 1 (5 %) 5 (24 %) 14 (64 %) 0 (0 %) 8 (38 %) 0 (0 %) 3 (15 %) 14 (70 %) 10 (50 %) 69 (32 %)