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Table 4 Comparison of specific stressful life events, by ethnocultural background, in overall and matched samples

From: The mental health status of ethnocultural minorities in Ontario and their mental health care

Stressful Life Event All Data Matched Data
  White
n = 5120
Black
n = 104
p White
n = 2083
Black
n = 100
p
Illness/Injury 539 (10.5 %) 6 (5.8 %) .143 228 (10.9 %) 6 (6.0 %) .137
Illness/Injury to rel/frnd 2258 (44.1 %) 35 (33.7 %) .036 936 (44.9 %) 35 (35.0 %) .062
Death of a partner 46 (.9 %) 3 (2.9 %) .073 15 (.7 %) 3 (3.0 %) .046
Death of a rel/frnd 1505 (29.4 %) 44 (42.3 %) .006 619 (29.7 %) 43 (43.0 %) .007
Divorce/Sep 146 (28.5 %) 10 (9.6 %) .001 65 (3.1 %) 10 (10 %) .002
Finance diff 968 (18.9 %) 40 (38.5 %) <.001 376 (18.1 %) 38 (38 %) <.001
Job Loss 359 (7.0 %) 11 (10.6 %) .173 135 (6.5 %) 10 (10.0 %) .212
Retirement 473 (9.2 %) 9 (8.7 %) .999 175 (8.4 %) 8 (8.0 %) .999
Crop Loss 30 (.6 %) 1 (1.0 %) .465 15 (.7 %) 1 (1.0 %) .529
Business Failure 72 (1.4 %) 1 (1.0 %) .999 37 (1.8 %) 1 (1.0 %) .999
Family Conflict 869 (17.0 %) 21 (20.2 %) .359 369 (17.7 %) 21 (21.0 %) .422
  White
n = 5120
South Asian
n = 113
p White
n = 2115
South Asian
n = 111
p
Illness/Injury 539 (10.5 %) 12 (10.6 %) .999 212 (10.0 %) 12 (10.8 %) .747
Illness/Injury to rel/frnd 2258 (44.1 %) 55 (48.7 %) .340 890 (42.1 %) 55 (49.5 %) .139
Death of a partner 46 (.9 %) 1 (.9 %) .999 13 (.6 %) 1 (.9 %) .512
Death of a rel/frnd 1505 (29.4 %) 36 (31.9 %) .602 590 (27.9 %) 35 (31.5) .448
Divorce/Sep 146 (28.5 %) 2 (1.8 %) .772 49 (2.3 %) 2 (1.8 %) .999
Finance diff 968 (18.9 %) 24 (21.2 %) .544 356 (16.8 %) 23 (20.7 %) .300
Job Loss 359 (7.0 %) 11 (9.7 %) .263 171 (8.1 %) 11 (9.9 %) .476
Retirement 473 (9.2 %) 8 (7.1 %) .513 203 (9.6 %) 8 (7.2 %) .506
Crop Loss 30 (.6 %) 1 (.9 %) .493 15 (.7 %) 1 (.9 %) .560
Business Failure 72 (1.4 %) 10 (8.8 %) <.001 24 (1.1 %) 10 (9.0 %) <.001
Family Conflict 869 (17.0 %) 14 (12.4 %) .252 319 (15.1 %) 14 (12.6 %) .585
  White
n = 5120
East Asian
n = 134
p White
n = 2486
East Asian
n = 132
p
Illness/Injury 539 (10.5 %) 11 (8.2 %) .475 245 (9.9 %) 11 (8.3 %) .654
Illness/Injury to rel/frnd 2258 (44.1 %) 57 (42.5 %) .792 1056 (42.5 %) 55 (41.7 %) .928
Death of a partner 46 (.9 %) 2 (1.5 %) .348 17 (.7 %) 2 (1.5 %) .248
Death of a rel/frnd 1505 (29.4 %) 47 (35.1 %) .179 707 (28.4 %) 45 (34.1 %) .168
Divorce/Sep 146 (28.5 %) 2 (2.9 %) .591 56 (2.3 %) 2 (1.5 %) .999
Finance diff 968 (18.9 %) 20 (14.9 %) .265 412 (16.6 %) 18 (13.6 %) .469
Job Loss 359 (7.0 %) 10 (7.5 %) .863 164 (6.6 %) 10 (7.6 %) .593
Retirement 473 (9.2 %) 11 (8.2 %) .879 220 (8.8 %) 11 (8.3 %) .999
Crop Loss 30 (.6 %) 1 (.7 %) .552 15 (.6 %) 1 (.8 %) .564
Business Failure 72 (1.4 %) 5 (3.7 %) .046 42 (1.7 %) 5 (3.8 %) .085
Family Conflict 869 (17.0 %) 17 (12.7 %) .242 378 (15.2 %) 16 (12.1 %) .383
  White
n = 5120
Southeast Asian
n = 111
p White
n = 1898
Southeast Asian
n = 106
p
Illness/Injury 539 (10.5 %) 12 (10.8 %) .876 184 (.097) 12 (11.3 %) .613
Illness/Injury to rel/frnd 2258 (44.1 %) 35 (31.5 %) .009 808 (42.6 %) 33 (31.1 %) .020
Death of a partner 46 (.9 %) 0 (0 %) .627 9 (.5 %) 0 (0 %) .999
Death of a rel/frnd 1505 (29.4 %) 31 (27.9 %) .833 533 (28.1 %) 28 (26.4 %) .824
Divorce/Sep 146 (28.5 %) 2 (1.8 %) .771 50 (2.6 %) 2 (1.9 %) .999
Finance diff 968 (18.9 %) 30 (27.0 %) .037 315 (16.6 %) 27 (25.5 %) .024
Job Loss 359 (7.0 %) 14 (12.6 %) .037 137 (7.2 %) 12 (11.3 %) .126
Retirement 473 (9.2 %) 5 (4.5 %) .095 180 (9.5 %) 5 (4.7 %) .119
Crop Loss 30 (.6 %) 1 (.9 %) .487 16 (.8 %) 0 (0 %) .999
Business Failure 72 (1.4 %) 2 (1.8 %) .671 33 (1.7 %) 2 (1.9 %) .708
Family Conflict 869 (17.0 %) 11 (9.9 %) .053 289 (15.2 %) 10 (9.4 %) .123
  White
n = 5120
Aboriginal
n = 21
p White
n = 518
Aboriginal
n = 20
p
Illness/Injury 539 (10.5 %) 3 (14.3 %) .480 60 (11.6 %) 3 (15 %) .719
Illness/Injury to rel/frnd 2258 (44.1 %) 12 (57.1 %) .273 246 (47.5 %) 12 (60.0 %) .362
Death of a partner 46 (.9 %) 0 (0 %) .999 6 (1.2 %) 0 (0 %) .999
Death of a rel/frnd 1505 (29.4 %) 10 (47.6 %) .090 163 (31.5 %) 10 (50.0 %) .091
Divorce/Sep 146 (28.5 %) 0 (0 %) .999 16 (3.1 %) 0 (0 %) .999
Finance diff 968 (18.9 %) 4 (19.0 %) .999 102 (19.7 %) 4 (20.0 %) .999
Job Loss 359 (7.0 %) 0 (0 %) .396 36 (6.9 %) 0 (0 %) .387
Retirement 473 (9.2 %) 4 (19.0 %) .124 35 (6.8 %) 4 (20.0 %) .049
Crop Loss 30 (.6 %) 0 (0 %) .999 4 (.8 %) 0 (0 %) .999
Business Failure 72 (1.4 %) 0 (0 %) .999 10 (1.9 %) 0 (0 %) .999
Family Conflict 869 (17.0 %) 7 (33.3 %) .072 103 (19.9 %) 7 (35.0 %) .151
  1. rel: a close relative; frnd: friend; Sep: separation; diff: difficulties