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Table 5 Comparison of specific mental healthcare provider accessed, by ethnocultural background, in overall and matched samples

From: The mental health status of ethnocultural minorities in Ontario and their mental health care

Mental Health Care Provider Accessed All Data Matched Data
  White
n = 5120
Black
n = 104
p White
n = 2083
Black
n = 100
p
Psychiatrist 535 (10.4 %) 3 (2.9 %) .008 224 (10.8 %) 3 (3.0 %) .011
Psychologist 409 (8.0 %) 3 (2.9 %) .063 158 (7.6 %) 3 (3.0 %) .114
Psychotherapist 169 (3.3 %) 2 (1.9 %) .777 72 (3.5 %) 2 (2.0 %) .774
Social Worker 200 (3.9 %) 1 (1.0 %) .190 85 (4.1 %) 1 (1.0 %) .182
Counsellor 553 (10.8 %) 6 (5.8 %) .110 235 (11.2 %) 6 (6.0 %) .139
Nurse 34 (0.7 %) 0 (0 %) .999 14 (.7 %) 0 (0 %) .999
Family Doctor 1324 (25.9 %) 19 (18.3 %) .089 540 (25.9 %) 18 (18.0 %) .079
  White
n = 5120
South Asian
n = 113
p White
n = 2115
South Asian
n = 111
p
Psychiatrist 535 (10.4 %) 3 (2.7 %) .004 203 (9.6 %) 3 (2.7 %) .011
Psychologist 409 (8.0 %) 5 (4.4 %) .215 160 (7.6 %) 4 (3.6 %) .137
Psychotherapist 169 (3.3 %) 1 (.9 %) .273 51 (2.4 %) 1 (.9 %) .516
Social Worker 200 (3.9 %) 1 (.9 %) .132 74 (3.5 %) 1 (.9 %) .179
Counsellor 553 (10.8 %) 5 (4.4 %) .029 207 (9.8 %) 5 (4.5 %) .068
Nurse 34 (0.7 %) 0 (0 %) .999 10 (.5 %) 0 (0 %) .999
Family Doctor 1324 (25.9 %) 11 (9.7 %) <.001 510 (24.1 %) 11 (9.9 %) <.001
  White
n = 5120
East Asian
n = 134
p White
n = 2486
East Asian
n = 132
p
Psychiatrist 535 (10.4 %) 5 (3.7 %) .009 256 (10.3 %) 4 (3.0 %) .004
Psychologist 409 (8.0 %) 8 (6.0 %) .516 185 (7.4 %) 8 (6.1 %) .732
Psychotherapist 169 (3.3 %) 3 (2.2 %) .803 69 (2.8 %) 3 (2.3 %) .999
Social Worker 200 (3.9 %) 2 (1.5 %) .248 89 (3.6 %) 2 (1.5 %) .324
Counsellor 553 (10.8 %) 1 (.7 %) <.001 248 (10.0 %) 1 (.8 %) <.001
Nurse 34 (0.7 %) 0 (0 %) .999 14 (.6 %) 0 (0 %) .999
Family Doctor 1324 (25.9 %) 8 (6.0 %) <.001 569 (22.9 %) 8 (6.1 %) <.001
  White
n = 5120
Southeast Asian
n = 111
p White
n = 1898
Southeast Asian
n = 106
p
Psychiatrist 535 (10.4 %) 4 (3.6 %) .017 171 (9.0 %) 4 (3.8 %) .074
Psychologist 409 (8.0 %) 3 (2.7 %) .047 142 (7.5 %) 3 (2.8 %) .081
Psychotherapist 169 (3.3 %) 0 (0 %) .052 46 (2.4 %) 0 (0 %) .172
Social Worker 200 (3.9 %) 1 (.9 %) .131 65 (3.4 %) .9 %) .258
Counsellor 553 (10.8 %) 2 (1.8 %) .001 182 (9.6 %) 2 (1.9 %) .005
Nurse 34 (0.7 %) 0 (0 %) .999 10 (.5 %) 0 (0 %) .999
Family Doctor 1324 (25.9 %) 20 (18.0 %) .062 425 (22.4 %) 20 (18.9 %) .471
  White
n = 5120
Aboriginal
n = 21
p White
n = 518
Aboriginal
n = 20
p
Psychiatrist 535 (10.4 %) 3 (14.3 %) .477 62 (12.0 %) 2 (10.0 %) .999
Psychologist 409 (8.0 %) 5 (23.8 %) .023 42 (8.1 %) 5 (25.0 %) .023
Psychotherapist 169 (3.3 %) 0 (0 %) .999 22 (4.2 %) 0 (0 %) .999
Social Worker 200 (3.9 %) 0 (0 %) .999 19 (3.7 %) 0 (0 %) .999
Counsellor 553 (10.8 %) 3 (14.3 %) .490 75 (14.5 %) 3 (15.0 %) .999
Nurse 34 (0.7 %) 0 (0 %) .999 516 (0.4 %) 0 (0 %) .999
Family Doctor 1324 (25.9 %) 9 (42.9 %) .084 169 (32.6 %) 8 (40.0 %) .477