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Table 4 Sociodemographic factors, treatments received and dropouts during the most recent treatment episode for anxiety disordersh, i

From: Treatment adequacy of anxiety disorders among young adults in Finland

  Pharmacotherapy Visits with a physician Guideline concordant pharmacotherapyc Sessions of psychotherapy / a year Minimally adequate treatmente Treatment dropoutf
Anya ≥2 months Anyb ≥4 times   Anyd ≥8 times   
Variable Category   % N % N % N % N % N % N % N % N % N
All    51.3 40 43.4 33 68.8 53 36.4 28 26.6 21 57.9 44 34.2 26 41.8 33 11.0 8
Gender Male   59.1 13 54.6 12 71.4 15 42.9 9 36.4 8 71.4 15 33.3 7 45.5 10 9.5 2
  Female   48.2 27 38.9 21 67.9 38 33.9 19 22.8 13 52.7 29 34.6 19 40.4 23 11.5 6
   p* 0.387   0.212   0.763   0.468   0.222   0.140   0.921   0.680   1.000  
Agegroup <25 years   66.7 10 60.0 9 78.6 11 42.9 6 40.0 6 71.4 10 57.1 8 60.0 9 7.7 1
  25–29 years   45.5 15 39.4 13 61.8 21 29.4 10 23.5 8 51.5 17 12.1 4 29.4 10 12.5 4
  ≥30 years   50.0 15 39.3 11 72.4 21 41.4 12 23.3 7 58.6 17 48.3 14 46.7 14 10.7 3
   p* 0.389   0.352   0.453   0.527   0.426   0.447   0.002   0.107   1.000g  
Basic Less than high school   48.7 18 36.1 13 67.6 25 35.1 13 23.7 9 61.1 22 36.1 13 44.7 17 18.2 6
education High school   50.0 19 46.0 17 68.4 26 34.2 13 26.3 10 51.4 19 32.4 12 36.8 14 5.4 2
   p* 0.907   0.393   0.937   0.933   0.791   0.401   0.741   0.484   0.136g  
Current Employed   42.5 17 38.5 15 62.5 25 22.5 9 15.0 6 47.5 19 17.5 7 30.0 12 13.5 5
employment Student   71.4 10 57.1 8 71.4 10 57.1 8 42.9 6 69.2 9 53.9 7 50.0 7 14.3 2
  Unemployed   44.4 4 44.4 4 62.5 5 62.5 5 44.4 4 66.7 6 55.6 5 66.7 6 12.5 1
  Other   50.0 6 27.3 3 84.6 11 30.8 4 23.1 3 63.6 7 54.6 6 46.2 6 0.0 0
   p* 0.331g   0.491g   0.517g   0.033 g   0.084g   0.445g   0.008 g   0.167   0.689g  
Married or No   63.0 17 46.2 12 80.8 21 53.9 14 33.3 9 69.2 18 46.2 12 55.6 15 12.0 3
cohabiting Yes   41.7 20 38.3 18 61.2 30 24.5 12 20.4 10 48.9 23 27.7 13 32.7 16 11.1 5
   p* 0.077   0.514   0.084   0.011   0.213   0.094   0.111   0.052   1.000g  
  1. aAntidepressant or buspirone prescribed
  2. bAt least 1 visit with a physician a year
  3. cAntidepressant or buspirone used for at least 2 months + 4 visits with a physician a year
  4. dAt least 1 session of psychotherapy a year
  5. eAntidepressant or buspirone used for at least 2 months + at least 4 visits with a physician a year or at least 8 sessions of psychotherapy a year or a hospitalization for anxiety disorders lasting for at least 4 days
  6. fA participant discontinued the visits despite adequate treatment plan
  7. gFisher’s exact test was used in the analysis
  8. hParticipants with a single specific phobia were excluded
  9. iA bivariate analysis
  10. *The p-values indicate a significance of the difference between categories in a distribution of treatments and dropout tested by χ2- or Fisher’s exact test. P-values < 0.05 in boldface