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Table 1 Characteristics of study variables

From: Sexual orientation and symptoms of common mental disorder or low wellbeing: combined meta-analysis of 12 UK population health surveys

Total n = 94,818 British Cohort Study Health Survey for England LSYPE Scottish Health Survey Understanding Society
Year sexual orientation identity recorded 2012 2011 2012 2013 2009/10 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2011/12
Study sample size 6,958 7,116 7,033 7,299 6,310 5,091 6,208 6,229 6,391 4,149 4,320 27,714
Refused identity itema (%) 0.5 3.0 3.0 2.0 0.4 6.5 4.6 5.2 4.4 2.9 3.1 0.1
GHQ score ≥4 (%) - - 15.1 - 22.3 14.3 14.4 15.9 15.0 14.7 15.1 18.9
Anxious/depressed (%) - 26.5 19.8 - - - - - - - - -
Low wellbeing score (%) 31.1 21.6 19.5 21.7 - 27.9 28.6 30.4 27.7 28.4 27.8 -
Age (range 16;103) 40;40 16;96 16;98 16;104 16;19 18;93 18;101 18;96 18;103 18;99 18;99 16;100
Male (%) 45.8 44.6 44.7 44.6 49.6 43.6 43.9 42.9 43.0 44.1 43.1 43.3
Lesbian/Gay 1.9 0.9 1.0 1.3 1.3 0.7 0.8 0.9 0.8 0.9 0.8 1.3
Bisexual 0.6 0.6 0.7 0.7 1.7 0.9 0.8 1.0 1.0 0.5 0.6 1.1
‘Other’ 0.2 0.6 0.4 0.6 0.2 0.8 0.6 1.4 1.4 0.7 0.8 1.1
Ethnic minorityb 3.1 9.4 9.3 10.0 30.1 2.4 2.1 2.8 2.5 2.6 2.6 13.1
University degree 24.9 25.1 26.1 26.5 18.2 26.9 27.6 28.5 28.0 30.0 30.7 24.2
Smoker 23.3 19.9 18.8 19.2 20.8 39.4 36.0 36.4 36.1 38.8 38.3 55.1
Longstanding illness 14.8 42.4 41.2 41.3 6.6 43.0 42.0 47.7 47.1 34.3 33.4 34.1
Married/co-habiting 80.7 64.2 64.2 54.2 30.7 67.4 67.0 63.5 65.5 65.5 63.4 63.1
  1. Note. aRefusal to answer sexual orientation identity item (excluded from the analytic sample).bLSYPE and Understanding Society over-sample ethnic minority groups, explaining the high proportions seen here