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Table 1 Summary of assessment measures for NICAP

From: Developmental brain trajectories in children with ADHD and controls: a longitudinal neuroimaging study

Measures Source Timepoint
   CAP NICAP
   1 2 1 2 3
Diagnostic Interview       
 ADHD & comorbidities DISC-IV; structured clinical interview [32] P   
Magnetic Resonance Imaging       
  Structural T1 C   
  Structural T2 C   
  Multishell DWI C   
  Resting state fMRI C   
  Quantitative susceptibility mapping C   
Cognitive Assessment       
 Intellectual functioning WASI: vocabulary, matrix reasoning [52] C  
 Language CELF 4th edition: screening test [53] C  
 Academic achievement WRAT 4: word reading, numeracy [54] C  
 Working memory Computerised spatial n-back C   
 Inhibition Computerised Stop-signal task C   
 Sustained attention Computerised SART C   
 Spatial attention Landmark task C   
 Cognitive flexibility Computerised set-shifting task C   
 Visual-motor Grooved pegboard test C   
Questionnaires       
Puberty development Pubertal development scale; Tanner stage charts P   
Child functioning       
 ADHD symptoms Conner’ 3 parent & teacher ADHD index [30] P, T
 Autism Spectrum Disorder SCQ - Lifetime version [55]; SSIS: Autism spectrum scale [56] P
 Mental health & social functioning SDQ: Total problems score, emotional, conduct, peer and inattention-hyperactivity scale [57] P, T
 Social Skills SSIS: Responsibility, self-control, bullying, communication and engagement scales [56] P, T
 Prosocial behaviours SDQ: Prosocial behaviour [57] P, T
 Victimisation SEQ: Physical victimisation, relational victimisation [58] P  
 Quality of Life Pediatric quality of life inventory (Peds QL v4) [59] P
 Health Medication history, child global health, sustained injuries, allied health services use P
Home environment       
 Parental mental health Kessler 6 (K6): psychosocial symptom screener [60] P
 Family quality of life CHQ: Emotional impact, time impact, family activities [61] P
 Family adversity Stressful life events scale [62] P
 Parenting LSAC parenting scales: parental warmth, hostility, consistency, parental self-efficacy [63] P
 Couple relationship LSAC family functioning scales: parental conflict, support, and relationship satisfaction [63] P
 Pre/postnatal factors LSAC prenatal & postnatal questions P     
School environment       
 Classroom performance SSIS: Academic competence [56] T  
 Teacher-child relationship STRS (short form): conflict and closeness [64] T  
 Teacher characteristics Including teacher age, gender, teaching experience, education, self-efficacy, from LSAC; level of support. T  
 Education services Specialised school services, individual education plans, in-class assistance and grade repetition. T  
Physical Measures        
  Height, weight C  
  Saliva C   
  1. Child ages for data collection timepoints are 7 years (CAP 1), 8.5 years (CAP 2) 10 year (NICAP 1), 11.5 years (NICAP 2) and 13 years (NICAP 3)
  2. Abbreviations: CELF Clinical evaluation of language fundamentals, CHQ child health questionnaire, DISC-IV diagnostic interview schedule for children-IV, DWI diffusion weighted imaging, fMRI functional magnetic resonance imaging, LSAC longitudinal study of Australian children, SART sustained attention to response task, SCQ social comnmunication questionnaire SDQ strengths & difficulties questionnaire, SEQ social experience questionnaire, SSIS social skills improvement system; STRS student-teacher relationship scale, TEA-CH test of everyday attention for children, WASI Wechsler abbreviated scales of intelligence, WISC Wechsler intelligence scale for children, WRAT wide range achievement test