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Table 3 Association between background demographic and clinical characteristics and non-fatal suicidal behaviours in the last 12 months

From: Non-fatal suicidal behaviour in rural Ethiopia: a cross-sectional facility- and population-based study

Characteristics Thought of committing suicide in the last 12 months (n = 2485) Planned to commit suicide in the last 12 months (n = 2485) Attempted suicide in the last 12 months (n = 2485) Transition from thought to Attempt (n = 196)
  Adjusted Odds Ratio (aOR) (95 % Confidence Interval (CI)) aOR (95%CI) aOR (95%CI) aOR (95%CI)
Sex
 Male Ref Ref Ref Ref
 Female 1.48 (0.97, 2.25) 1.58 (0.98, 2.56) 1.32 (0.76, 2.27) 0.96 (0.46, 2.06)
Age in years
 <25 2.73 (1.31, 5.69) 2.40(1.03, 5.55) 3.47 (1.33, 9.04) 1.83 (0.52, 6.48)
 25-34 1.35 (0.78, 2.31) 1.46(0.80, 2.67) 1.71 (0.85, 3.45) 1.75 (0.63, 4.82)
 35-44 1.48 (0.87, 2.52) 1.56 (0.86, 2.83) 1.85 (0.94, 3.66) 1.56 (0.58, 4.19)
 45-54 1.14 (0.63, 2.05) 1.06(0.54, 2.08) 1.38 (0.65, 2.93) 1.36 (0.44, 4.20)
 55+ Ref Ref Ref Ref
Marital Status
 Never married Ref Ref Ref Ref
 Currently married 1.55 (0.84, 2.85) 1.66(0.82, 3.36) 1.64 (0.74, 3.61) 1.06 (0.37, 3.00)
 Formerly married 1.39 (0.62, 3.08) 1.30(0.52, 3.25) 1.50 (0.54, 4.23) 1.14 (0.29, 4.43)
Education
 Illiterate Ref Ref Ref Ref
 Read and write 1.32 (0.83, 2.11) 1.47(0.87, 2.48) 1.15 (0.63, 2.08) 0.89 (0.38, 2.12)
 Formal education 1.03 (0.65, 1.65) 1.07(0.63, 1.82) 0.89 (0.49, 1.62) 0.71 (0.30, 1.65)
PHQ9 total score
 <5 Ref Ref Ref Ref
 5-9 6.02 (3.97, 9.15) 7.03(4.24, 11.66) 7.33 (4.05, 13.39) 1.73 (0.75, 3.96)
 10+ 23.61 (15.19, 36.70) 27.39(16.29, 46.07) 30.78 (16.85, 56.24) 2.73 (1.19, 6.27)
Audit total score
 <16 Ref Ref Ref Ref
 16+ 2.24 (1.21, 4.14) 2.77(1.43, 5.34) 2.72 (1.31, 5.68) 1.92(0.60, 6.17)
Sample type
 Facility Ref Ref Ref Ref
 Community 0.82 (0.59, 1.15) 0.78 (0.53, 1.14) 1.02 (0.66, 1.58) 1.51 (0.80, 2.87)