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Table 2 Unit characteristics

From: Clinical outcomes and costs for people with complex psychosis; a naturalistic prospective cohort study of mental health rehabilitation service users in England

  Baseline Follow up
  n or median % or (IQR) n or median % or (IQR)
Unit location     
 Inner city 5 10   
 Suburbs 43 86   
 Rural area 2 4   
Unit type     
 Hospital ward 6 12   
 Community based 44 88   
Mean (SD) Mental Illness Needs Index score for local area of unit 1.09 (0.36)   
Staffing     
 Psychiatrist works in the unit 47 94 50 100
 Access to a psychiatrist 3 6 0 0
 Clinical psychologist works on the unit 26 52 36 72
 Access to a clinical psychologist 20 40 11 22
 Occupational therapist works on the unit 39 78 41 82
 Access to an occupational therapist 7 14 6 12
 Nurse works on the unit 50 100 50 100
 Support worker works on the unit 50 100 50 100
 Social worker works on the unit 1 2 2 4
 Access to a social worker 39 78 45 90
 Ex-service user(s) work in the unit 19 38 20 40
 Ex-service user(s) on the payroll 15 79 17 85
 Staff turnover 14 (8, 21) 9 (4, 17)
 Staff: service user ratio 1.8 (1.6, 2.2) 1.9 (1.8, 2.3)
Beds     
 Beds on the unit 13 (10, 16) 13 (10, 16)
 % beds occupied 95 (89, 100) 94 (86, 100)
Turnover     
 % staff turnover last 12 months 14 (8, 21) 9 (4, 17)
 % service user turnover last 12 months 82 (55, 113) 92 (56, 120)
Interventions     
 Percentage taking clozapine 37 (25, 45) 39 (25, 45)
 Percentage taking multiple antipsychotics 0 (0, 0) 0 (0, 0)
 Percentage of service users with carer involvement 76 (64, 90) 75 (56, 87)
 Percentage of service users who had family intervention in the last year 7 (0, 28) 7 (0, 25)
 Percentage who received CBT in the last 12 months 13 (0, 33) 9 (0, 38)
 Unit manager “very happy” for their friend/relative to receive care on unit 28 56 27 54
  mean (SD) mean (SD)
QuIRC domain scores (%)     
 Living environment 79 (7) 79 (7)
 Therapeutic environment 68 (6) 71 (5)
 Treatments and interventions 65 (7) 65 (8)
 Self-management and autonomy 75 (6) 77 (7)
 Human rights 77 (8) 80 (6)
 Recovery based practice 72 (7) 74 (7)
 Social inclusion 65 (12) 65 (11)
  1. mean used when data Normally distributed, median when skewed