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Table 8 Impact of baseline service user characteristics on costs at baseline and follow-up

From: Clinical outcomes and costs for people with complex psychosis; a naturalistic prospective cohort study of mental health rehabilitation service users in England

  Baseline costs (N = 351) Follow-up costs (N = 326)
Variable Coefficient SE 95 % CI Coefficient SE 95 % CI
Male −280.3 126.7 (-528.6, -32) −206.8 166.4 (-532.9, 119.3)
White −423.4 209.7 (-834.3, -12.4) 312.9 276.2 (-228.4, 854.3)
GAF score −15.7 8 (-31.4, -0.1) −31.1 13.5 (-57.6, -4.6)
Age 2.4 4.8 (-7.1, 11.9) 2.6 7.4 (-11.9, 17.1)
Type D behaviours (SPRS) 188.4 91.7 (8.7, 368.2) 133.7 122.7 (-106.8, 374.3)
Type A behaviours (SPRS) 154.9 122.5 (-85.2, 395.1) 329.9 168.6 (-0.6, 660.4)
Involuntarily admitted 38.5 134.8 (-225.7, 302.6) 40.5 165.1 (-283.1, 364.1)
Baseline cost     0 0.1 (-0.1, 0.2)
Constant 3156.6 608.8 (1963.3, 4349.9) 2607.5 914.1 (815.8, 4399.2)
  1. SPRS Special Problems Rating Scale (a measure of challenging behaviours). Type A sub-scale assesses risk of violence and arson. Type D sub-scale includes assessment of self-harm and suicide risk