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Table 1 Level and Changes in Mental Health Symptoms over Time in Prison

From: A longitudinal study of mental health symptoms in young prisoners: exploring the influence of personal factors and the correctional climate

  Month 1 (n = 70) Month 3 (n = 58) Month 6 (n = 49)  
BSI Subscale Mean (SD) Mean (SD) Mean (SD) Mean difference/Contrast
Somatizationa 0.76 (0.82) 0.75 (0.74) 0.62 (0.70) χ 2 = 6.70*
M6 vs. M3*
Obsessive-compulsive 1.21 (0.70) 1.26 (0.81) 1.06 (0.78) χ 2 = 6.97*
M6 vs. M3*
Interpersonal sensitivitya 1.04 (0.83) 1.09 (0.77) 0.97 (0.86) ns
Depression 1.28 (0.78) 1.26 (0.86) 1.12 (0.83) ns
Anxietya 0.93 (0.79) 0.86 (0.72) 0.77 (0.71) ns
Hostilitya 0.96 (0.69) 0.99 (0.89) 0.93 (0.74) ns
Phobic anxietya 0.68 (0.67) 0.63 (0.67) 0.52 (0.65) χ 2 = 5.88
M6 vs. M1
Paranoid ideationa 1.25 (0.69) 1.34 (0.88) 1.31 (0.85) ns
Psychoticisma 1.09 (0.78) 1.10 (0.77) 1.07 (0.89) ns
GSIa 1.04 (0.63) 1.03 (0.65) 0.93 (0.65) χ 2 = 5.87
M6 vs. M3
  1. Note. SD Standard deviation, M1 Month 1, M3 Month 3, M6 Month 6, ns not significant, BSI Brief Symptom Inventory, GSI Global Severity Index
  2. a Distribution normalized through square root transformation. Descriptive statistics are based on the original data. Mean differences analyses are based on the transformed variables
  3. p < .10, * p < .05, two-tailed