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Table 3 Covariates of Increases and Decreases in Total Mental Health Symptoms (GSI) over the Third- and Sixth-Month Time Periods

From: A longitudinal study of mental health symptoms in young prisoners: exploring the influence of personal factors and the correctional climate

  From Month 1 to Month 3 (n = 54) From Month 3 to Month 6 (n = 43)
Variable OR 95 % CI z OR 95 % CI z
Age 1.01 [0.67, 1.52] 0.05 1.09 [0.69, 1.73] 0.37
Education 0.96 [0.77, 1.20] 0.37 0.88 [0.67, 1.15] 0.95
Single 1.43 [0.34, 6.03] 0.49 2.95 [0.31, 28.14] 0.94
Portuguese 0.98 [0.33, 2.88] 0.04 1.23 [0.34, 4.54] 0.32
Black 0.88 [0.30, 2.62] 0.23 0.94 [0.25, 3.45] 0.10
Visits 1.02 [0.94,1.10] 0.43 1.00 [0.92, 1.08] 0.94
Drug use 2.50 [0.55, 11.27] 1.19 2.26 [0.23, 22.42] 0.70
Mental treatment 0.76 [0.25, 2.27] 0.50 3.50 [0.88, 13.99] 1.77
Offense: drug 0.40 [0.09, 1.80] 1.19 1.33 [0.20, 9.08] 0.29
Offense: property 1.12 [0.36, 3.47] 0.19 0.51 [0.12, 2.13] 0.92
Offense: violent 2.09 [0.46, 9.41] 0.96 2.18 [0.38, 12.58] 0.87
Sentenced 1.36 [0.47, 3.99] 0.57 1.66 [0.45, 6.13] 0.77
Prison activity 0.96 [0.77, 1.20] 0.37 1.66 [0.45, 6.13] 0.77
Prior time served 1.02 [0.97, 1.08] 0.80 1.03 [0.96, 1.10] 0.85
PEI 1.00 [0.96, 1.04] 0.17 1.01 [0.97, 1.06] 0.75
  1. Note. OR odds ratio, CI confidence interval, z test of statistical significance, GSI Global Severity Index, PEI Prison Environment Inventory
  2. p < .10, two-tailed