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Table 4 Covariates of Mental Health Symptoms and Perceptions of the Correctional Climate

From: A longitudinal study of mental health symptoms in young prisoners: exploring the influence of personal factors and the correctional climate

  Mental Health Symptomsa Correctional Climateb
Variable b 95 % CI z b 95 % CI z
Time in prison −0.007 [−0.019, 0.004] 1.28 0.028 [−0.017, 0.073] 1.22
Age −0.001 [−0.046, 0.047] 0.03 −0.055 [−0.182, 0.073] 0.84
Education −0.111 [−0.167, −0.055] 3.89*** 0.086 [−0.126, 0.297] 0.79
Single −0.012 [−0.194, 0.171] 0.13 −0.105 [−0.725, 0.515] 0.37
Portuguese 0.187 [0.043, 0.330] 2.55* −0.228 [−0.632, 0.176] 1.11
Black −0.288 [−0.421, −0.155] 4.23*** 0.553 [0.155, 0.951] 2.73**
Visits 0.008 [0.002, 0.015] 2.60** −0.011 [−0.031, 0.009] 1.09
Drug use 0.112 [−0.078, 0.301] 1.16 −0.401 [−0.913, 0.110] 1.54
Mental treatment 0.309 [0.165, 0.453] 4.21*** −0.264 [−0.657, 0.129] 1.32
Offense: drug −0.098 [−0.295, 0.098] 0.98 −0.143 [−0.744, 0.458] 0.47
Offense: property 0.063 [−0.098, 0.224] 0.77 −0.148 [−0.628, 0.331] 0.61
Offense: violent −0.012 [−0.223, 0.200] 0.11 0.355 [−0.279, 0.989] 1.10
Sentenced −0.231 [−0.361, −0.101] 3.48** 0.348 [0.051, 0.747] 1.71
Prison activity −0.043 [−0.098, 0.012] 1.55 0.270 [0.032, 0.508] 2.22*
Prior time served −0.013 [−0.021, −0.005] 3.03** 0.019 [−0.001, 0.038] 1.87
PEI −0.104 [−0.139, −0.069] 5.76*** - - -
GSI - - - −1.180 [−1.649, −0.710] 4.93***
  1. Note. b unstandardized regression coefficient, CI confidence interval, z test of statistical significance, GSI Global Severity Index, PEI Prison Environment Inventory
  2. a n = 74, observations = 176
  3. b n = 74, observations = 182
  4. p < .10, * p < .05, ** p < .01, *** p < .001, two-tailed