
Model 1

Model 2


Variable

b

[95 % CI]

z

b

[95 % CI]

z


Intercept

−0.013

[−0.070, 0.095]

0.30

−0.006

[−0.065, 0.077]

0.16

Time

−0.004

[−0.015, 0.007]

0.72

−0.002

[−0.013, 0.008]

0.40

Mental treatment

0.236

[0.109, 0.364]

3.63***

0.215

[0.099, 0.331]

3.63***

Sentenced

−0.191

[−0.310, −0.072]

3.15**

−0.171

[−0.273, −0.070]

3.31**

Education

−0.065

[−0.113, −0.017]

2.63**

−0.060

[−0.104, −0.016]

2.65**

PEI







−0.094

[−0.127, −0.062]

5.75***

RE variance

0.053***

0.046***

Wald χ
^{2}

43.53***

102.86***

R
^{2}

.360

.439

ΔR
^{2}



.079


Note. n = 74, observations = 176; b unstandardized regression coefficient; CI 95% confidence interval; z test of statistical significance; RE randomeffect (intercept); Wald χ
^{2} omnibus test of model significance, R
^{2} coefficient of determination, ΔR
^{2} improvement in R
^{2}, GSI Global Severity Index, PEI Prison Environment Inventory
 ** p < .01, *** p < .001, twotailed