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Table 5 Incremental Effect of Perceptions of the Correctional Climate on Mental Health Symptoms (GSI)

From: A longitudinal study of mental health symptoms in young prisoners: exploring the influence of personal factors and the correctional climate

  Model 1 Model 2
Variable b [95 % CI] z b [95 % CI] z
Intercept −0.013 [−0.070, 0.095] 0.30 −0.006 [−0.065, 0.077] 0.16
Time −0.004 [−0.015, 0.007] 0.72 −0.002 [−0.013, 0.008] 0.40
Mental treatment 0.236 [0.109, 0.364] 3.63*** 0.215 [0.099, 0.331] 3.63***
Sentenced −0.191 [−0.310, −0.072] 3.15** −0.171 [−0.273, −0.070] 3.31**
Education −0.065 [−0.113, −0.017] 2.63** −0.060 [−0.104, −0.016] 2.65**
PEI - - - −0.094 [−0.127, −0.062] 5.75***
RE variance 0.053*** 0.046***
Wald χ 2 43.53*** 102.86***
R 2 .360 .439
ΔR 2 - .079
  1. Note. n = 74, observations = 176; b unstandardized regression coefficient; CI 95% confidence interval; z test of statistical significance; RE random-effect (intercept); Wald χ 2 omnibus test of model significance, R 2 coefficient of determination, ΔR 2 improvement in R 2, GSI Global Severity Index, PEI Prison Environment Inventory
  2. ** p < .01, *** p < .001, two-tailed