Skip to main content

Table 2 association between prior diagnoses of mental health problems and predictors of suicide

From: Patterns and predictors of help-seeking contacts with health services and general practitioner detection of suicidality prior to suicide: a cohort analysis of suicides occurring over a two-year period

  Common mental disorders Severe mental illness Alcohol/drugs related All mental health diagnoses
(N = 116)a (N = 43) (N = 50) (N = 209)
OR (& 95 % CI) OR (& 95 % CI) OR (& 95 % CI) OR (& 95 % CI)
Gender: Male 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00
 Female 1.31 (0.61, 2.86) 0.77 (0.28, 2.17) 0.29 (0.09, 0.98)* 0.93 (0.45, 1.92)
Age: <35 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00
 35–54 4.37 (2.26, 8.43)*** 2.41 (0.93, 6.27) 6.07 (2.56, 14.38)*** 4.31 (2.37, 7.85)***
 55+ 5.93 (2.53, 13.92)*** 4.08 (1.30, 12.86)* 4.63 (1.47, 14.59)** 5.27 (2.40, 11.56)***
Living alone: No 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00
 Yes 1.42 (0.75, 2.70) 2.77 (1.20, 6.39)* 2.91 (1.35, 6.28)** 1.91 (1.08, 3.40)*
In paid work: yes 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00
 No 2.61 (1.23, 5.56)* 5.78 (1.93, 17.34)** 4.33 (1.63, 11.51)** 3.27 (1.64, 6.53)**
Social class: professional 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00
 (Semi) routine 3.04 (0.78, 11.79) 0.30 (0.06, 1.48) 4.11 (0.46, 36.46) 2.04 (0.61, 6.14)
 Other 1.58 (0.39, 6.44) 0.36 (0.07, 1.83) 1.96 (0.21, 18.76) 1.16 (0.37, 3.66)
Locale: Urban 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00
 Large towns 0.45 (0.22, 0.91)* 0.97 (0.37, 2.50) 0.99 (0.42, 2.32) 0.62 (0.34, 1.16)
 Smaller towns 0.58 (0.19, 1.79) 1.25 (0.26, 6.10) 0.87 (0.19, 4.03) 0.72 (0.26, 1.99)
 Rural 0.89 (0.42, 1.85) 1.67 (0.53, 5.22) 1.00 (0.35, 2.93) 1.00 (0.50, 1.97)
Prior attempts: no 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00
 Yes 2.21 (1.18, 4.16)* 1.89 (0.78, 4.59) 3.18 (1.41, 7.20)** 4.48 (2.35, 8.56)***
Consultation with psychiatrist in the twelve months prior to suicide:     
 No 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00
 Yes 3.56 (1.75, 4.16)* 10.84 (4.22, 27.84)*** 3.51 (1.46, 7.20)** 2.33 (1.32, 4.12)**
  1. ***: p = 0.000; **: p < 0.005; *: p < 0.05
  2. ahere N represents the number of observations included in each of the stratified analyses-the numbers of people diagnosed with CMD, SMI etc. All models fully adjusted