Skip to main content

Table 3 attendance at GP services for mental health problems at one, three and twelve months before the suicide

From: Patterns and predictors of help-seeking contacts with health services and general practitioner detection of suicidality prior to suicide: a cohort analysis of suicides occurring over a two-year period

  Attendance at GP services prior to suicide: for mental health problems
M1: one month prior to suicide M2: within three months M3:within one year prior to suicide M4:within one year prior to suicide
(N = 132)a (N = 193) (N = 293) (N = 293)
OR (& 95 % CI) OR (& 95 % CI) OR (& 95 % CI) OR (& 95 % CI)
Gender: Male 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00
 Female 1.11 (0.24, 5.17) 1.13 (0.35, 3.64) 1.70 (0.79, 3.66) 1.57 (0.67, 3.64)
Age: <35 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00
 35–54 47.36 (3.58,625.8)** 12.92 (3.21,52.04)*** 4.91 (2.49, 9.67)*** 5.37 (2.57,11.24)***
 55+ 4.15 (0.81, 21.16) 4.24 (1.11, 16.13)* 1.76 (0.84, 3.71) 2.06 (0.91, 4.65)
Living alone:     
 No 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00
 Yes 1.21 (0.30, 4.89) 2.46 (0.73, 8.27) 1.20 (0.65, 2.23) 0.93 (0.47, 1.82)
In paid work: no 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00
 yes 3.10 (0.45, 21.11) 2.70 (0.66, 10.98) 0.61 (0.30, 1.26) 0.63 (0.29, 1.34)
Social class: professional 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00
(Semi) routine 4.84 (0.24, 97.33) 3.44 (0.65, 18.16) 1.06 (0.32, 3.51) 0.88 (0.25, 3.10)
Other 6.86 (0.30, 159.11) 3.19 (0.52, 19.39) 1.63 (0.46, 5.75) 1.41 (0.38, 5.26)
Locale:     
Urban 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00
Large towns 1.40 (0.29, 6.74) 1.47 (0.45, 4.81) 0.86 (0.44, 1.67) 0.80 (0.39, 1.66)
Smaller towns 1.11 (0.16, 7.89) 0.70 (0.15, 3.26) 0.23 (0.08, 0.66)* 0.18 (0.06, 0.58)**
Rural 1.13 (0.19, 4.95) 0.87 (0.25, 3.01) 0.84 (0.39, 1.79) 0.99 (0.44, 2.22)
Prior attempts: no     1.00
 Yes     6.76 (3.45, 13.25)***
  1. ***: p = 0.000; **: p < 0.005; *: p < 0.05
  2. aHere N represents the number of observations included in each of the stratified analyses-the numbers of people attending for consultation within the specified time-period. All models fully adjusted