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Table 3 Total ISMI scores by demographics (n = 173)

From: The Internalized Stigma of Mental Illness (ISMI) scale: validation of the Japanese version

   Mean total score Test
Gender Male 2.30 t = −1.09
  Female 2.38 (p = 0.28)
Residence Gunma Prefecture 2.28 t = −1.00
  Niigata Prefecture 2.35 (p = 0.32)
Education Junior high school 2.33 F = 0.57
  High school 2.29 (p = 0.97)
  Junior college or vocational school 2.41  
  University degree or higher 2.39  
Marital status Single 2.37 F = 2.06
  Married 2.22 (p = 0.86)
  Divorced or widowed 2.21  
Cohabitation Cohabitation 2.35 t = 0.42
  Living alone 2.32 (p = 0.67)
Period of facility use Less than 6 months 2.42 F = 0.73
  6 months to less than 1 year 2.41 (p = 0.79)
  1 year or more 2.31  
Self-reported diagnosis Schizophrenia 2.33  
  Bipolar disorder 2.22 F = 0.22
  Depression 2.34 (p = 0.04)
  Other 2.38