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Table 5 Correlation between ISMI and Beck depression inventory, Rosenberg self-esteem scale, and empowerment scale scores (n = 173)

From: The Internalized Stigma of Mental Illness (ISMI) scale: validation of the Japanese version

ISMI BDI RSES ES
Alienation 0.59** −0.49** −0.43**
Stereotype endorsement 0.50** −0.42** −0.45**
Discrimination experience 0.56** −0.47** −0.47**
Social withdrawal 0.45** −0.37** −0.37**
Stigma resistance 0.23** −0.31** −0.31**
Total score 0.61** −0.53** −0.52**
  1. **P < 0.01