Skip to main content

Table 1 Socio-demographic and clinical characteristics of participants with and without problematic substance use on ACT enrolment

From: Hospitalisation of severely mentally ill patients with and without problematic substance use before and during Assertive Community Treatment: an observational cohort study

Socio-demographic characteristics: Non-substance group (N = 58) Substance group (N = 84)  
N % N % P-value
Sex (male) 34 59.6 60 71.4 0.151a
Age, mean (SD) 41.7 (11.7)   38.4 (9.6)   0.068c
Ethnicity      0.001a
 Norwegian 38 70.4 76 92.7  
Marital status      0.056b
 Unmarried 38 65.5 68 81.0  
 Married/cohabitant 5 8.6 7 8.3  
 Divorced 15 25.9 9 10.7  
Education      0.003b
 Completed primary school 29 55.8 47 58.8  
 Completed upper secondary school 13 25.0 31 38.8  
 Completed higher education 10 19.2 2 2.5  
Employment status      0.291b
 Unemployed 45 77.6 73 86.9  
 Competitive job/study 5 8.6 3 3.6  
 Other 8 13.8 8 9.5  
Living situation      0.625b
 Alone 38 65.5 53 63.9  
 With family 14 24.1 17 20.5  
 Staffed housing/supported housing/Institutions (hospital, prison, hospice)/Homeless/unstable living situation 6 10.3 13 15.7  
Clinical characteristics:
 Diagnosis      0.710a
  Severe mental illness (yes) 47 95.9 77 92.8  
 Community treatment order (yes) 13 22.4 38 45.8 0.005a
 Age of onset psychiatric illness, mean (SD) 27.3 9.4 24.8 8.1 0.135d
 Psychiatric symptoms, mean (SD)
  BPRS mean total score, mean (SD) 2.24 0.66 2.60 0.86 0.015d
  BPRS positive symptoms, mean (SD) 2.23 1.14 2.65 1.34 0.075d
  BPRS negative symptoms, mean (SD) 2.59 1.18 2.43 1.14 0.432d
  BPRS agitation mania, mean (SD) 1.78 0.77 2.42 1.19 0.001d
  BPRS anxiety/depressive symptoms, mean (SD) 2.63 1.10 2.77 0.95 0.425c
 Global level of functioning – symptom scale (GAF-S), mean (SD) 43.6 10.6 39.8 9.8 0.032c
 Global level of functioning – functioning scale (GAF-F), mean (SD) 40.8 8.6 38.9 8.1 0.161c
 Level of functioning (PSF), mean (SD) 4.63 1.62 4.05 1.50 0.033c
  1. aFischer’s Exact Test
  2. bChi-square
  3. cStudent’s T-test
  4. dMann–Whitney U Test