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Table 2 Clinical characteristics of patients at baseline and at 1-year follow-up

From: A history of childhood trauma is associated with slower improvement rates: Findings from a one-year follow-up study of patients with a first-episode psychosis

  Baseline n = 96 1-year follow-up n = 96 Statistics
Diagnosis n (%)
 Schizophrenia spectrum 55 (57) 57 (59  
 Bipolar disorders 41 (43) 39 (41)  
GAF-S (mean ± SD) 47.5 ± 12.8 57.3 ± 16.7 t = 6.61, p < 0.001
GAF-F (mean ± SD) 47.3 ± 11.9 57.0 ± 15.8 t = −6.01, p < 0.001
YMRS median (min-max) a 4 (0–28) 2 (0–16) Z = −4.88, p < 0.001
PANSS 5 factor
 Positive factor, median (min-max), median (min-max) 9 (4–23) 6 (4–22) Z = −5.12, p < 0.001
 Negative factor, median (min-max) 10 (6–27) 8 (6–22) Z = −3.39, p < 0.001
 Disorganized/concrete factor, median (min-max) 5 (3–14) 4 (3–13) Z = −1.64, p = 0.10
 Excited factor, median (min-max) 6 (4–13) 4 (4–13) Z = −3.45, p < 0.001
Depressed factor, median (min-max) 9 (3–15) 7 (3–16) Z = −5.22, p < 0.001
Medication
 At least one type of Antipsychotic medication, yes n (%) 73 (76 %) 74 (77) X 2 = 0.97, p = 0.33
 DUP (weeks) 104.7 ± 192.6   
 PAS score in childhood 0.23 ± 0.19   
  1. a Wilcoxon signed-rank test; YMRS Young Mania Rating Scale, DUP duration of untreated psychosis, PAS premorbid adjustment scale