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Table 3 The association between childhood trauma and clinical symptoms at baseline and at 1 year follow-up

From: A history of childhood trauma is associated with slower improvement rates: Findings from a one-year follow-up study of patients with a first-episode psychosis

  Physical abuse Sexual abuse Emotional abuse Emotional neglect Physical neglect All trauma
Baseline 1 year Baseline 1 year Baseline 1 year Baseline 1 year Baseline 1 year Baseline 1 year
GAF-S r= −0.42* r= −0.25* r = −0.15 r = −0.07 r= −0.27* r= −0.26* r= −0.27* r= −0.31* r = −0.20 r= −0.28* r= −0.31* r= −0.29*
GAF-F r= −0.28* r= 0.30* r = 0.07 r = −0.17 r = −0.12 r= −0.30* r = −0.17 r= −0.38* r = −0.14 r= 0.35* r = −0.14 r= −0.40*
YMRS r= 0.34* r = 0.18 r = 0.19 r = 0.16 r= 0.30* r= 0.35* r= 0.27* r= 0.32* r= 0.25 r= 0.29* r= 0.34* r= 0.33*
PANSS 5 Factor (F)
 Positive F r= 0.27* r = 0.16 r = 0.02 r = −0.17 r = 0.13 r = 0.15 r= 0.25* r = 0.19 r = 0.11 r= 0.23 r = 0.16 r = 0.13
 Negative F r= 0.13 r = 0.18 r = −0.05 r = −0.04 r = 0.05 r = 0.13 r = 0.08 r = 0.16 r = 0.06 r= 0.23 r = 0.05 r = 0.16
 Disorganized/concrete F r= 0.24 r= 0.29* r = 0.04 r = −0.03 r = 0.07 r = 0.17 r = 0.05 r= 0.22 r = 0.06 r= 0.20 r = 0.08 r= 0.21
 Excited F r= 0.21 r= 0.28* r= 0.32* r= 0.26* r= 0.29* r= 0.35* r = 0.16 r= 0.21 r = 0.09 r = 0.18 r = 0.23 r= 0.30*
 Depressed F r= 0.35* r = 0.27* r= 0.28* r= 0.24 r= 0.32* r= 0.33* r= 0.31* r= 0.32* r= 0.25 r= 0.37* r= 0.38* r= 0.38*
  1. Spearman’s correlation, “Bold” represent p-values ≤0.05 and star (*) represent p-values of p ≤ 0.01)