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Table 2 Comparison of positive response rate of HCL-32 items among the subjects groups

From: Investigation of the clinical utility of the hypomania checklist 32 (HCL-32) for the screening of bipolar disorders in the non-clinical adult population

   Positive response (%) χ2 P value post-hoc
   Control (n = 313) BD1 (n = 112) BD2 (n = 108) normal FDR
Active/elated factor
1 need less sleep 53.0 53.6 63.0 3.344 0.188 0.27  
2 more energetic 79.6 75.9 84.3 2.398 0.301 0.42  
3 more self-confident 77.9 78.6 77.8 0.027 0.987 0.97  
4 enjoy my work more 78.6 73.2 77.8 1.378 0.502 0.61  
5 more sociable 70.6 67.9 70.4 0.307 0.858 0.93  
6 want to travel more 59.7 43.8 49.1 9.947 0.007 0.02 Control > BD1
10 physically more active 52.9 48.6 55.1 0.977 0.613 0.69  
11 plan more activities 77.6 64.3 83.3 12.064 0.002 0.01 BD2, Control > BD1
12 have more ideas/creative 65.5 72.3 67.6 1.752 0.417 0.53  
13 less shy 62.3 70.4 70.1 3.552 0.169 0.26  
14 wear more extravagant clothes 37.4 41.4 54.2 9.292 0.01 0.02 BD2 > Control
15 meet more people 61.9 57.7 57.0 1.102 0.576 0.67  
16 more interested in sex 30.8 34.8 45.8 7.945 0.019 0.04 BD2 > Control
18 talk more 64.9 71.4 79.4 8.291 0.016 0.03 BD2 > Control
19 think faster 66.1 65.8 73.1 1.988 0.37 0.49  
20 make more jokes 73.8 60.4 70.4 7.091 0.029 0.05  
22 engage in more new things 77.6 75.9 75.9 0.199 0.905 0.95  
24 do more quickly/easily 68.4 68.5 69.4 0.044 0.978 0.97  
28 mood higher, more optimistic 80.8 67.6 71.3 9.672 0.008 0.02 Control > BD1
Irritable/risk-taking factor
7 drive faster 10.0 21.6 27.9 21.993 <0.001 <0.01 BD1, BD2 > Control
8 spend more 39.3 48.2 61.1 15.796 <0.001 <0.01 BD2 > Control
9 take more risks 9.3 25.9 34.6 41.081 <0.001 <0.01 BD1, BD2 > Control
21 more easily distracted 29.7 40.2 48.6 13.619 0.001 <0.01 BD2 > Control
23 thoughts jump 45.4 60.7 65.4 16.58 <0.001 <0.01 BD1, BD2 > Control
25 more impatient/irritable 14.7 44.1 40.2 50.986 <0.001 <0.01 BD1, BD2 > Control
26 can be exhausting or irritating 5.1 32.4 27.1 61.865 <0.001 <0.01 BD1, BD2 > Control
27 get into more quarrels 2.9 24.3 23.4 55.664 <0.001 <0.01 BD1, BD2 > Control
29 drink more coffee 30.7 31.5 41.1 4.07 0.131 0.21  
30 smoke more cigarettes 5.8 22.7 23.8 34.864 <0.001 <0.01 BD1, BD2 > Control
31 drink more alcohol 23.0 22.5 33.0 4.673 0.097 0.16  
32 take more drugs 0.6 24.1 14.2 65.772 <0.001 <0.01 BD1, BD2 > Control
  1. BD1 bipolar I disorder, BD2 bipolar II disorder, FDR false discovery rate, Post hoc Pair-wise chi-square test