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Table 3 Clinical characteristics of HLA positive patients. The clinical characteristics of the five HLA positive patients with hypersomnia and/or cataplexy are described in this table

From: Exploring the presence of narcolepsy in patients with schizophrenia

Patient 1* 2* 3* 4* 5**
Gender F M M F F
Age at onset of psychiatric disorder (years) 29 12 15 18 19
Age at onset of hypersomnia (years) 29 12 6 18 19
Epworth Sleepiness Score (n) 12 14 14 16 10
Cataplexy present NO NO NO YES YES
Sleep paralysis present NO YES YES NO NO
Hypnagogic/hymnopoimpic hallucinations present NO NO NO YES YES
BMI (n) 31.2 43.7 26 37.1 20
Snoring present NO YES YES NO NO
Witnessed apneas NO YES YES NO NO
Mean sleep at nighttime (hours) 8 8 7.5 13 10.5
Hypocretin-1 value (pg/ml) NA NA 276.5 333.7 419.8
  1. BMI body mass index, NA not available
  2. * DSM Diagnosis was 295.30 ** DSM Diagnosis was 295.90