Skip to main content

Table 1 Characteristics of people living with HIV/AIDS, stratified by depression symptoms identified by psychiatrists’ interview (N = 400)

From: Screening value of the Center for epidemiologic studies – depression scale among people living with HIV/AIDS in Ho Chi Minh City, Vietnam: a validation study

Characteristics Depression symptoms p-valuea
Yes (N = 124, 31 %)
n (%)
No (N = 276, 69 %)
n (%)
Gender    
 Male 65 (52.4) 189 (68.5) 0.002
 Female 59 (47.6) 87 (31.5)  
Sexual orientation    
 Heterosexual 108 (87.0) 243 (88.1) 0.922
 Homosexual/Bisexual 8 (6.5) 15 (5.4)  
 Unsure/Not answer 8 (6.5) 18 (6.5)  
Age, yrs [M (SD)] 34.8 (7.6) 34.9 (6.5) 0.927b
Highest level of education    
 Did not complete primary 19 (15.3) 34 (12.3) 0.710
 Primary school 22 (17.7) 64 (23.2)  
 Secondary school 46 (37.1) 105 (38.0)  
 High school 30 (24.2) 59 (21.4)  
 College or more 7 (5.7) 14 (5.1)  
Work status    
 Unemployed 31 (25.0) 53 (19.2) 0.354
 Casual job 24 (19.4) 44 (16.0)  
 Part-time job 21 (16.9) 48 (17.4)  
 Full-time job 31 (25.0) 95 (34.4)  
 Other 17 (13.7) 36 (13.0)  
Self-rated economic status    
 Very poor/Poor 62 (50.0) 112 (40.6) 0.061c
 Average 60 (48.4) 163 (59.1)  
 Rich/Very rich 2 (1.6) 1 (0.3)  
Have a religion    
 Yes 31 (25.0) 73 (26.4) 0.760
 No 93 (75.0) 203 (73.6)  
Marital status    
 Single 32 (25.8) 92 (33.3) 0.262
 Married/Live as a couple 75 (60.5) 144 (52.2)  
 Divorced/Separated/Widowed 17 (13.7) 40 (14.5)  
Parental status    
 Yes 78 (62.9) 141 (51.1) 0.028
 No 46 (37.1) 135 (48.9)  
Source of HIV infection    
 Sexual transmission 72 (58.1) 152 (55.1) 0.467
 Injected drug use 32 (25.8) 87 (31.5)  
 Others 20 (16.1) 37 (13.4)  
Time since HIV diagnosis, yrs [M (SD)] 4.8 (2.6) 5.4 (2.5) 0.033b
Family members been diagnosed HIV positive
 None 79 (63.7) 199 (72.1) 0.123c
 One 43 (34.7) 69 (25.0)  
 Two or more 2 (1.6) 8 (2.9)  
  1. aChi-squared test unless otherwise stated
  2. bt test
  3. cFisher exact test