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Table 2 Predictors of good dietary practice, high level of exercise, smoking and overconsumption of alcohol

From: Medical students’ health behaviour and self-reported mental health status by their country of origin: a cross-sectional study

Predictors Good dietary practice (N = 553) High level of exercise (N = 570) Smoking (N = 563) Overconsumption of alcohol (N = 553)
OR (CI95) p-value OR (CI95) p-value OR (CI95) p-value OR (CI95) p-value
Country group (ref: Mediterranean) Scandinavian 1.38 (0.57–3.34) 0.477 4.17 (2.05–8.46) <0.001 0.33 (0.15–0.72) 0.005 3.11 (1.39–6.93) 0.006
Israel 1.28 (0.47–3.52) 0.633 2.24 (1.06–4.73) 0.034 0.49 (0.22–1.10) 0.082 0.71 (0.24–2.12) 0.538
Iran 0.88 (0.25–3.14) 0.843 1.83 (0.75–4.47) 0.185 0.36 (0.12–1.08) 0.069 0.75 (0.18–3.04) 0.684
Hungary 0.77 (0.34–1.75) 0.537 3.29 (1.82–5.96) <0.001 0.61 (0.32–1.15) 0.124 0.31 (0.14–0.71) 0.006
Gender (ref: men) 2.38 (1.40–4.04) 0.001 0.57 (0.37–0.87) 0.009 0.56 (0.35–0.88) 0.011 1.19 (0.70–2.02) 0.526
Age 0.99 (0.88–1.13) 0.928 0.97 (0.88–1.08) 0.606 1.05 (0.94–1.17) 0.414 0.82 (0.71–0.94) 0.005
Nagelkerke R2 (%) 4.5 6.3 4.8 16.7
  1. Note: Bold characters indicate significant (p < 0.05) association